Document Detail


Embolic and nonembolic transient monocular visual field loss: a clinicopathologic review.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23217587     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Transient monocular blindness and amaurosis fugax are umbrella terms describing a range of patterns of transient monocular visual field loss (TMVL). The incidence rises from ≈1.5/100,000 in the third decade of life to ≈32/100,000 in the seventh decade of life. We review the vascular supply of the retina that provides an anatomical basis for the types of TMVL and discuss the importance of collaterals between the external and internal carotid artery territories and related blood flow phenomena. Next, we address the semiology of TMVL, focusing on onset, pattern, trigger factors, duration, recovery, frequency-associated features such as headaches, and on tests that help with the important differential between embolic and non-embolic etiologies.
Authors:
Axel Petzold; Niaz Islam; Han-Hwa Hu; Gordon T Plant
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Survey of ophthalmology     Volume:  58     ISSN:  1879-3304     ISO Abbreviation:  Surv Ophthalmol     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0404551     Medline TA:  Surv Ophthalmol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  42-62     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Neurology, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Department of Neuroinflammation, UCL Institute of Neurology, London, UK. Electronic address: a.petzold@vumc.nl.
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