Document Detail

Elucidation of the mechanisms underlying hypo-osmotically induced turgor pressure regulation in the marine alga Valonia utricularis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17370101     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Exposure of the giant marine alga Valonia utricularis to acute hypo-osmotic shocks induces a transient increase in turgor pressure and subsequent back-regulation. Separate recording of the electrical properties of tonoplast and plasmalemma together with turgor pressure was performed by using a vacuolar perfusion assembly. Hypo-osmotic turgor pressure regulation was inhibited by external addition of 300 microM of the membrane-permeable ion channel blocker 5-nitro-2-(3-phenylpropylamino)benzoic acid (NPPB). In the presence of 100 microM NPPB, regulation could only be inhibited by simultaneous external addition of 200 microM 4,4'-diisothiocyanatostilbene-2,2'-disulfonic acid (DIDS), a membrane-impermeable inhibitor of Cl(-) transport. At concentrations of about 100 microM, NPPB seems to selectively inhibit Cl(-) transporters in the tonoplast and K(+) transporters in the plasmalemma, whereas 300 microM NPPB inhibits K(+) and Cl(-) transporters in both membranes. Evidence was achieved by measuring the tonoplast and plasmalemma conductances (G(t) and G(p)) in low-Cl(-) and K(+)-free artificial seawater. Inhibition of turgor pressure regulation by 300 microM NPPB was accompanied by about 85% reduction of G(t) and G(p). Vacuolar addition of sulfate, an inhibitor of tonoplast Cl(-) transporters, together with external addition of DIDS and Ba(2+) (an inhibitor of K(+) transporters) also strongly reduced G(p) and G(t) but did not affect hypo-osmotic turgor pressure regulation. These and many other findings suggest that KCl efflux partly occurs via electrically silent transport systems. Candidates are vacuolar entities that are disconnected from the huge and many-folded central vacuole or that become disconnected upon disproportionate swelling of originally interconnected vacuolar entities upon acute hypo-osmotic challenge.
Karl-Andree Binder; Frank Heisler; Markus Westhoff; Lars H Wegner; Ulrich Zimmermann
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2007-03-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of membrane biology     Volume:  213     ISSN:  0022-2631     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Membr. Biol.     Publication Date:  2006  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-03-19     Completed Date:  2007-08-20     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0211301     Medline TA:  J Membr Biol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  47-63     Citation Subset:  IM    
Lehrstuhl für Biotechnologie der Universität, Biozentrum, Am Hubland, D-97074 Würzburg, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Algae, Green / drug effects,  metabolism*
Chlorides / metabolism
Ion Transport / drug effects
Nitrobenzoates / pharmacology
Potassium / metabolism
Sulfates / pharmacology
Water-Electrolyte Balance
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Chlorides; 0/Nitrobenzoates; 0/Sulfates; 107254-86-4/5-nitro-2-(3-phenylpropylamino)benzoic acid; 7440-09-7/Potassium

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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