Document Detail


Elite athletes: is survival shortened in boxers?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17436206     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Moderate exercise and intense physical training are associated with increased life expectancy (LE). Boxing is characterized by intentional and repetitive head blows, sometimes causing brain injury, possibly reducing LE. We examined a sample of male athletes born between 1860 and 1930 selected from the international "hall of fame" inductees in baseball (n = 154), ice hockey (n = 130), tennis (n = 83), football (n = 81), boxing (n = 81), track and field (n = 59), basketball (n = 58), swimming (n = 37) and wrestling (n = 32). In boxing, we analyzed the number of disputed bouts/rounds and career records. Sports were also analyzed according to physiological demand and occurrence and kind of contact (intentional, unintentional). The Kaplan-Meier product limit method was used to compare survival curves (significance: p <or= 0.05). Median LE of the samples was 76.0 yrs and no differences were observed in different sports, although it was lower in boxers (73.0 yrs) and higher in tennis players (79.0 yrs). Sports of different physiological demand were similar in respect to LE. No differences in LE were found related to occurrence and kind of impact. Similar LE was found in boxers of different weight or career records. In conclusion, this study indicates that LE in top-level athletes is unaffected by the type of discipline, and not related to physiological demand and intentional contact.
Authors:
M Bianco; C Fabbricatore; N Sanna; C Fabiano; V Palmieri; P Zeppilli
Related Documents :
11581546 - Exercise-induced bronchospasm prevalence in collegiate cross-country runners.
9858396 - Sudden death in athletes: an update.
17436206 - Elite athletes: is survival shortened in boxers?
12043826 - A mathematical analysis of the 4 x 100 m relay.
18656996 - Effects of sodium bicarbonate ingestion on hyperventilation and recovery of blood ph af...
24983706 - Beneficial effects of combined exercise training on early recovery cardiopulmonary exer...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Historical Article; Journal Article     Date:  2007-04-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of sports medicine     Volume:  28     ISSN:  0172-4622     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Sports Med     Publication Date:  2007 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-07-31     Completed Date:  2007-10-25     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8008349     Medline TA:  Int J Sports Med     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  697-702     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Sports Medicine, Catholic University, Rome, Italy. massimiliano.bianco@fastwebnet.it
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Boxing / history*
History, 19th Century
History, 20th Century
Humans
Life Expectancy / trends*
Male
Sports*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Mechanical efficiency and wheelchair performance during and after spinal cord injury rehabilitation.
Next Document:  Risk assessment and treatment evaluation by means of two forensic observation instruments