Document Detail


Elimination of small ruminant lentivirus infection from sheep flocks and goat herds aided by health schemes in Great Britain.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21257509     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Over a period of 11 years, 33 sheep or goat holdings lost their maedi-visna or caprine arthritis-encephalitis accredited status (mean 2.8 per year [0.09 per cent] of the accredited holdings in Great Britain). Of these, 22 sheep flocks and two goat herds eradicated the infection and regained their accredited status. In addition, 10 sheep flocks and two goat herds managed to eradicate infection, having joined the scheme with infected animals. In flocks and herds with a high initial prevalence of infection, the adoption of an indirect ELISA, with greater sensitivity than the agar gel immunodiffusion test, improved success rates. A strategy was devised to interpret the ELISA results depending upon the prevalence of infection at the time. Eighteen of the 33 flocks/herds (54.5 per cent) that had introductions of infection also owned non-accredited stock.
Authors:
B A Synge; C M Ritchie
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Veterinary record     Volume:  167     ISSN:  2042-7670     ISO Abbreviation:  Vet. Rec.     Publication Date:  2010 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-01-24     Completed Date:  2011-02-23     Revised Date:  2012-05-10    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0031164     Medline TA:  Vet Rec     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  739-43     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Mill Grange, Ballinglen, Tinahely, County Wicklow, Ireland. bartisynge@gmail.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Antibodies, Viral / blood
Arthritis-Encephalitis Virus, Caprine / immunology*
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay / standards,  veterinary
Female
Goat Diseases / blood,  diagnosis,  epidemiology*
Goats
Great Britain / epidemiology
Immunodiffusion
Lentivirus Infections / blood,  epidemiology,  prevention & control,  veterinary*
Male
Sensitivity and Specificity
Sheep
Sheep Diseases / blood,  diagnosis,  epidemiology*
Visna-maedi virus / immunology*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antibodies, Viral

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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