Document Detail

Elimination of poliomyelitis in France: epidemiology and vaccine status.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8041889     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
In France, both inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV) and oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV) were used until 1983. By that time a new enhanced-potency IPV (eIPV) was licensed and recommended by the French Ministry of Health as the vaccine of choice. Ninety-five per cent of infants have received four doses of eIPV by 24 months of age. No cases of vaccine-associated paralysis among either recipients or those in contact with recipients have been reported since 1983. Only four wild indigenous cases of paralytic poliomyelitis have been reported among unvaccinated children in the past five years and none since 1990. Although paralytic poliomyelitis has been virtually eliminated in France, vaccination programs as well as active surveillance of the community and environment for poliovirus circulation should be reinforced to reach the goal of wild poliovirus eradication.
D J Malvy; J Drucker
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Public health reviews     Volume:  21     ISSN:  0301-0422     ISO Abbreviation:  Public Health Rev     Publication Date:    1993-1994
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-08-22     Completed Date:  1994-08-22     Revised Date:  2006-07-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370123     Medline TA:  Public Health Rev     Country:  ISRAEL    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  41-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tours, France.
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MeSH Terms
Child, Preschool
France / epidemiology
Immunization Programs*
Immunization Schedule
Poliomyelitis / epidemiology*,  microbiology,  prevention & control*
Population Surveillance / methods*
Program Evaluation

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