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Elevation of serum cardiac troponin I in a cross-sectional cohort of asymptomatic subjects with Friedreich ataxia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22633670     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Friedreich ataxia is an autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by ataxia of all four limbs, dysarthria, areflexia, and cardiomyopathy. At present, baseline values of cardiac troponin I are unknown among Friedreich ataxia subjects. METHODS: In this study, we evaluated baseline plasma cardiac troponin I levels among a cross-sectional cohort of 49 pediatric and adult Friedreich ataxia subjects without active arrhythmia, chest pain or features of acute coronary syndrome at the time of sampling. We also reviewed baseline electrocardiograms from 45 of these subjects. RESULTS: Troponin I values were elevated above the 99th percentile population cutoff in 46.9% of all subjects, with 16.3% of asymptomatic subjects having levels typically seen during an acute myocardial infarction. In logistic regression models, younger age and an earlier disease onset predicted higher serum cardiac troponin I values. Only weak correlations were seen between cardiac troponin I values and echocardiogram parameters, including ejection fraction. Additionally, 82.2% of subjects also had abnormal baseline electrocardiograms. CONCLUSION: The present study demonstrates that both abnormal electrocardiograms and elevated serum cardiac troponin I values may be common baseline characteristics seen in Friedreich ataxia subjects. Further longitudinal studies will allow for a better understanding of the cause and prognostic implications of elevated levels, as well as the clinical utility of serum cardiac troponin I testing in Friedreich ataxia.
Authors:
Lisa S Friedman; Kimberly A Schadt; Sean R Regner; George E Mark; Kimberly Y Lin; Thomas Sciascia; Martin St John Sutton; Steve Willi; David R Lynch
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-5-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1874-1754     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-5-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8200291     Medline TA:  Int J Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neurology, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, PA, United States; Department of Neurology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, United States.
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