Document Detail


Elevated toxicant yields with narghile waterpipes smoked using a plastic hose.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18207299     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The effect of hose permeability on toxicant yields for the narghile waterpipe is investigated, with special reference to the recent adoption of plastic as a hose construction material. Measurements of air infiltration rates for 23 leather and plastic hoses representing 11 types commonly available in Beirut, Lebanon were made, revealing that while leather hoses allowed significant outside air infiltration during a puff constituting up to 31% of the puff volume, plastic hoses were found to be air-tight, indicating that the smoke reaching the waterpipe user can be considerably more concentrated when delivered via a plastic hose. Total particulate matter (TPM), nicotine and carbon monoxide (CO) yields were compared when a waterpipe was machine smoked using a highly permeable leather and an air-tight plastic hose. It was found that the plastic hose resulted in similar yields of nicotine, but more than double the CO yielded with the highly permeable leather hose. Thus, even if narghile smokers titrate for nicotine intake, the use of a plastic hose will likely greatly increase the exposure to CO, a major causative agent in cardiovascular disease.
Authors:
Rawad Saleh; Alan Shihadeh
Related Documents :
14643289 - A comparison of indoor air pollutants in japan and sweden: formaldehyde, nitrogen dioxi...
17410789 - Noble gas excess air applied to distinguish groundwater recharge conditions.
11243069 - Perceptions on effects of environmental pollutants in hyderabad city.
16796539 - Comparative analysis of different scintigraphic approaches to assess pulmonary ventilat...
22868139 - Curcuma longa and curcuma mangga leaves exhibit functional food property.
9113599 - Air pollution and respiratory health in mexico city.
116299 - Food and water intake in the non-deprived pigeon after chlordiazepoxide administration.
18791159 - Select corn coproducts from the ethanol industry and their potential as ingredients in ...
12485579 - Relationship between biomarker activity and developmental endpoints in chironomus ripar...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2007-12-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association     Volume:  46     ISSN:  0278-6915     ISO Abbreviation:  Food Chem. Toxicol.     Publication Date:  2008 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-03-24     Completed Date:  2008-06-05     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8207483     Medline TA:  Food Chem Toxicol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1461-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Aerosol Research Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, American University of Beirut, Riad El Solh, Beirut, Lebanon.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Carbon Monoxide / analysis
Data Interpretation, Statistical
Filtration
Nicotine / analysis
Particulate Matter / analysis
Plastics / chemistry*,  toxicity*
Smoke / analysis*
Smoking / adverse effects*
Tobacco / chemistry*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Particulate Matter; 0/Plastics; 0/Smoke; 54-11-5/Nicotine; 630-08-0/Carbon Monoxide

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Neural correlates of affective processing in response to sad and angry facial stimuli in patients wi...
Next Document:  Aldo-keto reductase 1C2 is essential for 1-nitropyrene's but not for benzo[a]pyrene's induction of p...