Document Detail


Elevated serum superoxide dismutase levels correlate with disease severity and neutrophil degranulation in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8403808     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
1. Tissue damage in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is due in part to oxidant-antioxidant imbalance. 2. We evaluated the serum levels of the antioxidant enzyme Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (EC 1.15.1.1) in 25 patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, 34 patients with sarcoidosis and 40 healthy control subjects by an enzyme immunometric assay. 3. We found that patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis have higher serum Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase levels than control subjects and patients with sarcoidosis. In addition, serum Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase levels correlate with disease severity indexes in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. 4. The increase in serum Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase level in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis could depend on degranulation of activated neutrophils or release from damaged cells. To elucidate the contribution of neutrophil degranulation we determined the polymorphonuclear cell elastase level in the same specimens. We found a strong correlation between serum Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase and polymorphonuclear cell elastase activities, and, in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, we observed higher levels of polymorphonuclear cell elastase than in control subjects and patients with sarcoidosis, which correlated positively with disease severity indexes. 5. Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase can catalyse the dismutation of O2 into H2O2 and generate OH.. These oxygen radicals are probably the major factors responsible for tissue damage (in particular, alveolar and endothelial cells) and fibrosis in experimental lung injury.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Authors:
R M Borzì; B Grigolo; R Meliconi; L Fasano; C Sturani; M Fabbri; T Porstmann; A Facchini
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical science (London, England : 1979)     Volume:  85     ISSN:  0143-5221     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Sci.     Publication Date:  1993 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-11-04     Completed Date:  1993-11-04     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7905731     Medline TA:  Clin Sci (Lond)     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  353-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Laboratorio di Immunologia e Genetica, Istituto di Ricerca Codivilla Putti, Bologna, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Cell Degranulation / physiology*
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Neutrophils / enzymology,  physiology*
Pancreatic Elastase / blood
Pulmonary Fibrosis / blood*
Sarcoidosis / blood
Superoxide Dismutase / blood*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
EC 1.15.1.1/Superoxide Dismutase; EC 3.4.21.36/Pancreatic Elastase

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