Document Detail

Elevated serum levels of S-adenosylhomocysteine, but not homocysteine, are associated with cardiovascular disease in stage 5 chronic kidney disease patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18565329     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: The putative role of sulfur amino acids such as homocysteine (tHcy) as cardiovascular risk factors is controversial in chronic kidney disease (CKD). Although, S-adenosylhomocysteine (SAH) levels have been linked to CVD in non-renal populations, such relationship has not been evaluated in CKD. DESIGN: Serum concentrations of S-adenosylmethionine (SAM), SAH and total homocysteine (tHcy) were determined by HPLC in 124 CKD stage 5 patients (GFR range 1-11 m/min) and 47 control subjects, and related to renal function, presence of CVD, inflammation and protein-energy wasting (PEW). RESULTS: The levels of SAM and SAH were higher in CKD patients than in controls. Both SAM (rho=-0.19; P<0.05) and SAH (rho=-0.37, P<0.001) were inversely related to GFR. The concentrations of SAH were significantly higher (P<0.001) in patients with CVD than in non-CVD patients, (683 (201-3057) vs 485 (259-2620) nmol/L; median (range)) as opposed to tHcy levels, which were lower in CVD patients. While SAH was not associated with the presence of inflammation or PEW, it was a significant contributor (OR; 4.9 (CI 1.8-12.8), P<0.001) to CVD in a multinomial logistic regression model (pseudo r(2)=0.31). CONCLUSION: Concentrations of serum SAH and SAM in CKD stage 5 patients are associated with renal function, but not with inflammation or PEW. Among the investigated sulfur amino acids, only SAH was independently associated with the presence of clinical signs of CVD. These findings suggest that while tHcy might be influenced by a number of confounding uremic factors, SAH levels may better reflect the putative increased cardiovascular risk of sulfur amino acid alterations in CKD patients.
Alessandro Valli; Juan J Carrero; Abdul Rashid Qureshi; Giacomo Garibotto; Peter Bárány; Jonas Axelsson; Bengt Lindholm; Peter Stenvinkel; Björn Anderstam; Mohamed E Suliman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2008-06-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry     Volume:  395     ISSN:  0009-8981     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Chim. Acta     Publication Date:  2008 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-07-28     Completed Date:  2008-10-20     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1302422     Medline TA:  Clin Chim Acta     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  106-10     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital Huddinge, Stockholm, Sweden.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Biological Markers / blood
Cardiovascular Diseases / blood*,  diagnosis
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid / methods
Chronic Disease
Homocysteine / blood*
Kidney Diseases / blood*
Kidney Function Tests / methods
Middle Aged
Predictive Value of Tests
S-Adenosylhomocysteine / blood*
S-Adenosylmethionine / blood
Sensitivity and Specificity
Severity of Illness Index
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Biological Markers; 29908-03-0/S-Adenosylmethionine; 454-28-4/Homocysteine; 979-92-0/S-Adenosylhomocysteine

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