Document Detail

Elevated serum alpha fetoprotein levels promote pathological progression of hepatocellular carcinoma.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22147961     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
AIM: To investigate the biological role of alpha fetoprotein (AFP) and its clinical significance in carcinogenesis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).
METHODS: Clinical analysis of HCC patients and immunohistochemical examination were conducted to evaluate the relationship between serum AFP level and patient mortality. Confocal microscopy, Western blotting, dimethylthiahzolyl-2,5-diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide, Cell Counting Kit-8 assays and flow cytometry were performed to explore the possible mechanism.
RESULTS: Among the 160 HCC patients enrolled in this study, 130 patients survived 2 years (81.25%), with a survival rate of 86.8% in AFP < 2 0 μg/L group, 88.9% in AFP 20-250 μg/L group, and 69.6% in AFP > 250 μg/L group, demonstrating a higher mortality rate in HCC patients with higher AFP levels. Surgical treatment was beneficial only in patients with low AFP levels. The mortality rate of HCC patients with high AFP levels who were treated surgically was apparently higher than those treated with conservative management. The results of immunohistochemistry showed that AFP and AFP receptor were merely expressed in tissues of HCC patients with positive serum AFP. Consistently, in vitro analysis showed that AFP and AFPS were expressed in HepG2 but not in HLE cells. AFP showed a capability to promote cell growth, and this was more apparent in HepG2 cells, in which the proliferation was increased by 3.5 folds. Cell cycle analysis showed that the percentage of HepG2 cells in S phase after exposure to AFP was modestly increased.
CONCLUSION: HCC patients with higher AFP levels show a higher mortality rate, which appears to be attributable to the growth promoting properties of AFP.
Peng Li; Shan-Shan Wang; Hui Liu; Ning Li; Michael A McNutt; Gang Li; Hui-Guo Ding
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  World journal of gastroenterology : WJG     Volume:  17     ISSN:  2219-2840     ISO Abbreviation:  World J. Gastroenterol.     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-07     Completed Date:  2012-02-08     Revised Date:  2014-05-20    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100883448     Medline TA:  World J Gastroenterol     Country:  China    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  4563-71     Citation Subset:  IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular / blood*,  mortality,  pathology*
Cell Line, Tumor
Cell Proliferation
Disease Progression*
Liver Neoplasms / blood*,  mortality,  pathology*
Receptors, Peptide / metabolism
Retrospective Studies
Survival Rate
Tumor Markers, Biological / blood*
alpha-Fetoproteins / metabolism*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Receptors, Peptide; 0/Tumor Markers, Biological; 0/alpha-Fetoproteins; 0/alpha-fetoprotein receptor, human

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Endoscopic management of chronic radiation proctitis.
Next Document:  Effects of cyclooxygenase-2 on human esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.