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Elevated pulmonary artery systolic pressure in patients with coronary artery disease and left ventricular dyssynchrony.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20675663     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIMS: We sought to determine whether inter- or intra-ventricular systolic dyssynchrony contributes to the occurrence of elevated pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD).
METHODS AND RESULTS: One hundred and fifty-three consecutive CAD patients with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF >40%) were enrolled. Detailed echocardiography was performed to measure PASP, inter-ventricular dyssynchrony (Ts-RL: time difference between lateral and right free wall), and intra-ventricular dyssynchrony (Ts-SD, standard deviation of time to peak systolic velocity of 12 LV segments; Ts-12, maximal difference in Ts between any 2 of 12 LV segments; Ts-6-basal, maximal difference in Ts between any 2 of 6 basal LV segments). Elevated PASP (>35 mmHg) was confirmed in 46 patients who had significantly prolonged intra-ventricular dyssynchrony (Ts-SD: 49.9 ± 19.6 vs.37.9 ± 19.8 ms; Ts-12: 147.9 ± 56.4 vs.110.9 ± 53.9 ms; Ts-6-basal: 114.2 ± 51.9 vs. 85.7 ± 48.5 ms, all P < 0.01) and inter-ventricular dyssynchrony (Ts-RL: 78.7 ± 46.4 vs. 62.7 ± 34.3 ms, P = 0.019) compared with those without elevated PASP. Indexes of intra- and inter-ventricular dyssynchrony and LV filling pressure (E/e') were significantly correlated with PASP. Multivariate analysis showed that left atrial dimension [odds ratio (OR) 4.23, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.64-10.90], E/e' septal (OR 1.15, 95% CI 1.04-1.27), pulmonary vascular resistance (OR 5.38, 95% CI 1.55-18.74), and Ts-RL (OR 1.02, 95% CI 1.01-1.03) were independent predictors for the occurrence of elevated PASP (all P < 0.05).
CONCLUSION: Elevated PASP is common in CAD patients with preserved LVEF and is associated with LV diastolic dysfunction and LV mechanical dyssynchrony.
Authors:
Guo-Hui Yan; Mei Wang; Wen-Sheng Yue; Kai-Hang Yiu; Chung-Wah Siu; Stephen W L Lee; Chu-Pak Lau; Hung-Fat Tse
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-07-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of heart failure : journal of the Working Group on Heart Failure of the European Society of Cardiology     Volume:  12     ISSN:  1879-0844     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. J. Heart Fail.     Publication Date:  2010 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-09-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100887595     Medline TA:  Eur J Heart Fail     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1067-75     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Cardiology Division, Department of Medicine, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Rm 1928, Block K, Queen Mary Hospital, Hong Kong, Hong Kong.
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