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Elevated lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 is associated with progression of nonculprit lesions after percutaneous coronary intervention.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23774398     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) is an enzyme that hydrolyzes oxidized phospholipids to generate bioactive proatherogenic products. Nonculprit lesions have been assumed to contribute to the pathogenesis of recurrent acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The role of LP-PLA2 in the progression of nonculprit coronary lesions after successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remains unclear. Our study included 123 patients with ACS who underwent initial PCI and a long-term follow-up (mean interval, one year) with coronary angiography. Among them, 19 patients were diagnosed as the progression of nonculprit lesions, based on the presence of at least one of the following factors: (1) ≥ 10% reduction in the diameter of a preexisting ≥ 50% stenosis; (2) ≥ 30% reduction in the diameter of a < 50% stenosis; and (3) early-onset stenosis with ≥ 30% reduction in the diameter of a segment that was normal on the primary angiogram. Blood sampling was drawn from all patients at 12-14 hours after PCI. The ACS patients with progression had higher total cholesterol (4.47 ± 1.02 mmol/L vs. 3.59 ± 0.57 mmol/L, P < 0.05), higher levels of Lp-PLA2 activity (14.39 ± 6.13 nmol/min/ml vs. 8.86 ± 3.14 nmol/min/ml, P < 0.001) and a higher proportion of multi-vessel disease than those without progression. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that Lp-PLA2 activity (β = 0.024, P = 0.005) was an independent predictor for rapid progression of nonculprit coronary lesions. In conclusion, elevated Lp-PLA2 activity is associated with rapid progression of nonculprit coronary lesions in ACS patients who underwent PCI.
Authors:
Hui Xin; Hui-Ping Gong; Shang-Lang Cai; Xian-Feng Ning; Song Liu; Zuo-Yuan Chen; Zhe-Xun Lian; Rui Zhang; Quan-Fang Zhang; Wei-Qiang Kang; Zhi-Ming Ge
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Tohoku journal of experimental medicine     Volume:  230     ISSN:  1349-3329     ISO Abbreviation:  Tohoku J. Exp. Med.     Publication Date:  2013  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-06-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0417355     Medline TA:  Tohoku J Exp Med     Country:  Japan    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  97-102     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiology, the Affiliated Hospital of Medical College, Qingdao University.
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