Document Detail


Elemental composition (C, N, P) and cell volume of exponentially growing and nutrient-limited bacterioplankton.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12039756     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Marine bacterioplankton were isolated and grown in batch cultures until their growth became limited by organic carbon (C), nitrogen (N), or phosphorus (P). Samples were taken from the cultures at both the exponential and stationary phases. The elemental composition of individual bacterial cells was analyzed by X-ray microanalysis with an electron microscope. The cell size was also measured. The elemental content was highest in exponentially growing cells (149 +/- 8 fg of C cell(-1), 35 +/- 2 fg of N cell(-1), and 12 +/- 1 fg of P cell(-1); average of all isolates +/- standard error). The lowest C content was found in C-limited cells (39 +/- 3 fg of C cell(-1)), the lowest N content in C- and P-limited cells (12 +/- 1 and 12 +/- 2 fg of N cell(-1), respectively), and the lowest P content in P-limited cells (2.3 +/- 0.6 fg of P cell(-1)). The atomic C:N ratios varied among treatments between 3.8 +/- 0.1 and 9.5 +/- 1.0 (average +/- standard error), the C:P ratios between 35 +/- 2 and 178 +/- 28, and the N:P ratios between 6.7 +/- 0.3 and 18 +/- 3. The carbon-volume ratios showed large variation among isolates due to different types of nutrient limitation (from 51+/- 4 to 241 +/- 38 fg of C microm(-1); average of individual isolates and treatments +/- standard error). The results show that different growth conditions and differences in the bacterial community may explain some of the variability of previously reported elemental and carbon-volume ratios.
Authors:
Katarina Vrede; Mikal Heldal; Svein Norland; Gunnar Bratbak
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Applied and environmental microbiology     Volume:  68     ISSN:  0099-2240     ISO Abbreviation:  Appl. Environ. Microbiol.     Publication Date:  2002 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-05-31     Completed Date:  2002-07-22     Revised Date:  2013-06-09    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7605801     Medline TA:  Appl Environ Microbiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2965-71     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Microbiology, University of Bergen, NO-5020 Bergen, Norway. katarina.vrede@ebc.uu.se
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Bacteria / growth & development*
Bacterial Physiological Phenomena
Carbon / metabolism*
Cell Size / physiology
Microscopy, Electron
Nitrogen / metabolism*
Phosphorus Compounds / metabolism*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Phosphorus Compounds; 10025-87-3/phosphoryl chloride; 7440-44-0/Carbon; 7727-37-9/Nitrogen
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