Document Detail


Electrophysiological profile of vernakalant in an experimental whole-heart model: the absence of proarrhythmia despite significant effect on myocardial repolarization.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24696223     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The most recent European Society of Cardiology (ESC) update on atrial fibrillation has introduced vernakalant (VER) for pharmacological cardioversion of atrial fibrillation. The aim of the present study was to investigate the safety profile of VER in a sensitive model of proarrhythmia.METHODS AND RESULTS: In 36 Langendorff-perfused rabbit hearts, VER (10, 30 µM, n = 12); ranolazine (RAN, 10, 30 µM, n = 12), or sotalol (SOT, 50; 100 µM, n = 12) were infused after obtaining baseline data. Monophasic action potentials and a 12-lead electrocardiogram showed a significant QT prolongation after application of VER as compared with baseline (10 µM: +25 ms, 30 µM: +50 ms, P < 0.05) accompanied by an increase of action potential duration (APD). The increase in APD90 was accompanied by a more marked increase in effective refractory period (ERP) leading to a significant increase in post-repolarization refractoriness (PRR, 10 µM: +30 ms, 30 µM: +36 ms, P < 0.05). Vernakalant did not affect the dispersion of repolarization. Lowered potassium concentration in bradycardic hearts did not provoke early afterdepolarizations (EADs) or polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (pVT). Comparable results were obtained with RAN. Hundred micromolars of SOT led to an increase in QT interval (+49 ms) and APD90 combined with an increased ERP and PRR (+23 ms). In contrast to VER, 100 µM SOT led to a significant increase in dispersion of repolarization and to the occurrence of EAD in 10 of 12 and pVT in 8 of 12 hearts.CONCLUSION: In the present study, application of VER and SOT led to a comparable prolongation of myocardial repolarization. Both drugs increased the PRR. However, VER neither affect the dispersion of repolarization nor induce EAD and therefore did not cause proarrhythmia.
Authors:
Gerrit Frommeyer; Peter Milberg; Catharina Clauß; Marco Schmidt; Shahram Ramtin; Sven Kaese; Fabian Grundmann; Jochen Schulze Grotthoff; Christian Pott; Lars Eckardt
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-4-2
Journal Detail:
Title:  Europace : European pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac electrophysiology : journal of the working groups on cardiac pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac cellular electrophysiology of the European Society of Cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-2092     ISO Abbreviation:  Europace     Publication Date:  2014 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-4-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100883649     Medline TA:  Europace     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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