Document Detail


Electrophysiological studies of transgenic long QT type 1 and type 2 rabbits reveal genotype-specific differences in ventricular refractoriness and His conduction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20581090     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We have generated transgenic rabbits lacking cardiac slow delayed-rectifier K(+) current [I(Ks); long QT syndrome type 1 (LQT1)] or rapidly activating delayed-rectifier K(+) current [I(Kr); long QT syndrome type 2 (LQT2)]. Rabbits with either genotype have prolonged action potential duration and QT intervals; however, only LQT2 rabbits develop atrioventricular (AV) blocks and polymorphic ventricular tachycardia. We therefore sought to characterize the genotype-specific differences in AV conduction and ventricular refractoriness in LQT1 and LQT2 rabbits. We carried out in vivo electrophysiological studies in LQT1, LQT2, and littermate control (LMC) rabbits at baseline, during isoproterenol infusion, and after a bolus of dofetilide and ex vivo optical mapping studies of the AV node/His-region at baseline and during dofetilide perfusion. Under isoflurane anesthesia, LQT2 rabbits developed infra-His blocks, decremental His conduction, and prolongation of the Wenckebach cycle length. In LQT1 rabbits, dofetilide altered the His morphology and slowed His conduction, resulting in intra-His block, and additionally prolonged the ventricular refractoriness, leading to pseudo-AV block. The ventricular effective refractory period (VERP) in right ventricular apex and base was significantly longer in LQT2 than LQT1 (P < 0.05) or LMC (P < 0.01), with a greater VERP dispersion in LQT2 than LQT1 rabbits. Isoproterenol reduced the VERP dispersion in LQT2 rabbits by shortening the VERP in the base more than in the apex but had no effect on VERP in LQT1. EPS and optical mapping experiments demonstrated genotype-specific differences in AV conduction and ventricular refractoriness. The occurrence of infra-His blocks in LQT2 rabbits under isoflurane and intra-His block in LQT1 rabbits after dofetilide suggest differential regional sensitivities of the rabbit His-Purkinje system to drugs blocking I(Kr) and I(Ks).
Authors:
Katja E Odening; Malcolm Kirk; Michael Brunner; Ohad Ziv; Peem Lorvidhaya; Gong Xin Liu; Lorraine Schofield; Leonard Chaves; Xuwen Peng; Manfred Zehender; Bum-Rak Choi; Gideon Koren
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-06-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology     Volume:  299     ISSN:  1522-1539     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol.     Publication Date:  2010 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-08-31     Completed Date:  2010-09-22     Revised Date:  2014-09-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100901228     Medline TA:  Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  H643-55     Citation Subset:  IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Action Potentials / drug effects,  genetics
Animals
Animals, Genetically Modified
Atrioventricular Block / genetics,  physiopathology
Atrioventricular Node / drug effects,  physiopathology*
Bundle of His / drug effects,  physiopathology*
Cardiotonic Agents / pharmacology
Electrophysiology
Genotype
Isoproterenol / pharmacology
Long QT Syndrome / genetics*,  physiopathology
Rabbits
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R01 HL-046005-14/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS; R01 HL046005/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS; R01 HL093205/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Cardiotonic Agents; L628TT009W/Isoproterenol
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Chronic intermittent hypoxia in humans during 28 nights results in blood pressure elevation and incr...
Next Document:  Editorial Focus: Niric Oxide-mediated Negative Regulation of Cyclooxygenase-2 Induction in Vascular ...