Document Detail


Electrophysiologic effects of intravenous aminophylline in heart transplant recipients with sinus node dysfunction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7654727     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Sinus node dysfunction has been reported to occur in up to 50% of orthotopic heart transplant recipients, and oral theophylline has been used in an attempt to limit the morbidity associated with this abnormality. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the electrophysiologic effects of methylxanthines on sinus node function. METHODS: Sinus node testing performed in 26 patients before and after the infusion of 6 mg/kg of aminophylline. Thirteen of these patients had abnormal sinus node function at baseline, and thirteen had normal sinus node function. Sinus node dysfunction was diagnosed by a rhythm other than sinus in five patients, a prolonged corrected sinus node recovery time in two patients, and the presence of a secondary pause in six patients. RESULTS: In patients with abnormal sinus node function a significant decrease was observed in the sinus node recovery time (-14% +/- 5%) and corrected sinus node recovery time (-33% +/- 25%) in response to aminophylline; however, neither parameter was normalized. A decrease in the sinus cycle length (-6% +/- 8%) was not statistically significant. In patients with normal sinus node function, a significant decrease was seen in both the sinus node recovery time (-9% +/- 7%) and sinus cycle length (-9% +/- 4%). The corrected sinus node recovery time decreased by 4% +/- 28% in patients with normal conditions but was not significant. Overall, aminophylline resolved the underlying sinus node abnormality in only one of thirteen patients with abnormal sinus node function. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that the use of theophylline in patients with marked sinus node dysfunction may not decrease their risks for subsequent bradycardic events.
Authors:
S A Rothman; V Jeevanandam; C P Seeber; I L Piña; H H Hsia; A A Bove; J M Miller
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of heart and lung transplantation : the official publication of the International Society for Heart Transplantation     Volume:  14     ISSN:  1053-2498     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Heart Lung Transplant.     Publication Date:    1995 May-Jun
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-10-05     Completed Date:  1995-10-05     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9102703     Medline TA:  J Heart Lung Transplant     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  429-35     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pa 19140, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aminophylline / administration & dosage*,  pharmacology
Arrhythmia, Sinus / complications,  drug therapy*
Electrophysiology
Heart Transplantation*
Humans
Infusions, Intravenous
Middle Aged
Sinoatrial Node / drug effects*,  physiopathology
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
317-34-0/Aminophylline

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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