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Electronic excited states and electronic spectra of biphenyl: a study using many-body wavefunction methods and density functional theories.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24022338     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The low-lying electronic excited states of biphenyl were studied using the symmetry-adapted cluster-configuration interaction (SAC-CI), complete active space self-consistent field (CASSCF), complete active space perturbation theory of the second-order (CASPT2), and the time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT). The molecular geometries in the ground and excited states were optimized using the SAC-CI and TDDFT for singlet and triplet states. The energies of vertical excitations, emissions, and adiabatic transitions were calculated. The TDDFT calculations significantly underestimated the excitation energy of the 1(1)B1 state, while the SAC-CI and CASPT2 provided essentially similar results. The present SAC-CI and CASPT2 calculations concluded that the lowest singlet state of isolated biphenyl is the 1(1)B3 state that takes a planar geometry and the second lowest state is the 1(1)B2 state with a twisted geometry. The present results were consistent with the previous experimental findings. The 1(1)B1 state that has a charge-separated biracial character in the vertical excitation relaxed into a planar quinoid structure in which bond alternations were emphasized. The other states took a benzenoid structure. The ultraviolet (UV) absorption and circular dichroism (CD) spectra below 7 eV were calculated with the SAC-CI method. The valence-Rydberg mixings were found to be significant in the second and higher series of excited states.
Authors:
Ryoichi Fukuda; Masahiro Ehara
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-9-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Physical chemistry chemical physics : PCCP     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1463-9084     ISO Abbreviation:  Phys Chem Chem Phys     Publication Date:  2013 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-9-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100888160     Medline TA:  Phys Chem Chem Phys     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Institute for Molecular Science and Research Center for Computational Science, 38 Nishigo-naka, Myodaiji, Okazaki, 444-8585, Japan.
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