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Electronic Cigarette Exposures Reported to Texas Poison Centers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25344956     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Introduction: Exposure to the liquid nicotine solutions (LNS) IN: electronic cigarettes E-CIGS: may be dangerous because they are highly concentrated. Little is known about the impact of exposure on public health. This study describes E-CIG: exposures reported to poison centers. Methods: All E-CIG: exposures reported to Texas poison centers during 2009 to February 2014 were identified. Exposures involving other substances in addition to E-CIGS: and exposures not followed to a final medical outcome were included. The distributions of exposures by demographic and clinical factors were determined. Results: Of 225 total exposures, two were reported in 2009, six in 2010, 11 in 2011, 43 in 2012, 123 in 2013 and 40 through February 2014. Fifty-three percent (n=119) occurred among individuals age <5 years old, 41% (n=93) >20 years old and 6% (n=13) between 6-19 years. Fifty percent were female. The route of exposure was 78% ingestion. Eighty-seven percent of the exposures were unintentional and 5% intentional. The exposures occurred at patient's own residence in 95% of the cases. The clinical effects reported most often were vomiting (20%), nausea (10%), headache (4%), ocular irritation (5%), dizziness (5%), and lethargy (2%). Conclusion: ELECTRONIC CIGARETTES: exposures reported to poison centers are increasing. Most of the patients are young children. The exposures most frequently occur through ingestion. Reported exposures often do not have serious outcomes.
Authors:
Jhonny E Ordonez; Kurt C Kleinschmidt; Mathias B Forrester
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-10-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1469-994X     ISO Abbreviation:  Nicotine Tob. Res.     Publication Date:  2014 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-10-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-10-27    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9815751     Medline TA:  Nicotine Tob Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.
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