Document Detail

Electromyographic effect of mat Pilates exercise on the back muscle activity of healthy adult females.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21109058     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine back muscle activity during 3 traditional mat Pilates exercises.
METHODS: Eleven healthy female volunteers, aged between 18 and 30 years, participated in this cross-sectional study. Surface electromyography (sEMG) of lumbar extensor muscles was recorded simultaneously with kinematics data to identify the phases of movement. Three mat Pilates back exercises were compared: (1) swimming, (2) single leg kick with static prone back extension, and (3) double leg kick. Root mean square values of each muscle were recorded with 2 pairs of surface electrodes placed bilaterally on one lumbar extensor muscle (at L5). During phases of each exercise, sEMG signals were identified by video analysis. Electrical muscle activation was normalized by the maximal voluntary isometric contraction and used to compare back muscle activity among exercises. A 2-way repeated measures analysis of variance was performed to assess the differences in activation level during the exercises.
RESULTS: The value of electrical muscle activity in the lumbar extensors ranged between 15% and 61% of MIVC for the 3 types of Pilates mat work exercise. The swimming exercise increased lumbar extensor activity (29% on average) in comparison to the other 2 Pilates conditions. Interestingly, the double leg kick exercise generated significantly more lumbar extensor activity (26% on average) than the single leg kick.
CONCLUSIONS: For this group of participants, the swimming exercise increased muscle activation relative to the other 2 exercise modes.
Maryela O Menacho; Karen Obara; Josilene S Conceição; Matheus L Chitolina; Daniel R Krantz; Rubens A da Silva; Jefferson R Cardoso
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-10-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of manipulative and physiological therapeutics     Volume:  33     ISSN:  1532-6586     ISO Abbreviation:  J Manipulative Physiol Ther     Publication Date:    2010 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7807107     Medline TA:  J Manipulative Physiol Ther     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  672-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 National University of Health Sciences. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Physical Therapy Department, Kinesiologic Electromyography and Kinematic Laboratory, Universidade Estadual de Londrina, Londrina, PR, Brazil.
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