Document Detail

Electroencephalographic monitoring in the pediatric intensive care unit.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23335026     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Continuous electroencephalographic (CEEG) monitoring is used with increasing frequency in critically ill children to provide insight into brain function and to identify electrographic seizures. CEEG monitoring use often impacts clinical management, most often by identifying electrographic seizures and status epilepticus. Most electrographic seizures have no clinical correlate, and thus would not be identified without CEEG monitoring. There are increasing data showing that electrographic seizures and electrographic status epilepticus are associated with worse outcome. Seizure identification efficiency may be improved by further development of quantitative electroencephalography trends. This review describes the clinical impact of CEEG data, the epidemiology of electrographic seizures and status epilepticus, the impact of electrographic seizures on outcome, the utility of quantitative electroencephalographic trends for seizure identification, and practical considerations regarding CEEG monitoring.
Nicholas S Abend; Kevin E Chapman; William B Gallentine; Joshua Goldstein; Ann E Hyslop; Tobias Loddenkemper; Kendall B Nash; James J Riviello; Cecil D Hahn;
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Current neurology and neuroscience reports     Volume:  13     ISSN:  1534-6293     ISO Abbreviation:  Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep     Publication Date:  2013 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-21     Completed Date:  2013-07-04     Revised Date:  2014-03-06    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100931790     Medline TA:  Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  330     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Critical Care / methods,  trends
Electroencephalography / trends*
Intensive Care Units, Pediatric / trends*
Monitoring, Physiologic / methods*,  trends
Status Epilepticus / diagnosis*,  epidemiology,  physiopathology*
Grant Support
K23 NS076550/NS/NINDS NIH HHS; NS076550/NS/NINDS NIH HHS; //Canadian Institutes of Health Research

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