Document Detail


Electrocardiographic and enzymatic infarct size in a randomised study of intracoronary streptokinase and intravenous anisoylated plasminogen streptokinase activator complex in acute myocardial infarction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3315592     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The effect of thrombolytic therapy on ECG and enzymatic indices, including estimates of relative infarct size, was studied in 93 patients with acute myocardial infarction randomised to intracoronary streptokinase or intravenous anisoylated plasminogen streptokinase activator complex (APSAC) therapy within 6 hours of the onset of symptoms. 90 minutes after treatment, 49% (19/39) of the evaluable streptokinase patients and 44% (19/43) of the APSAC patients had reperfused (p = NS). The time from treatment to reperfusion was less in the streptokinase patients (30 +/- 18 minutes for streptokinase and 42 +/- 22 minutes for APSAC, p less than or equal to 0.02). Resolution of ST segment elevation, 90 minutes after treatment, was greater in the streptokinase patients (residual ST segment elevation 47 +/- 36% of initial value for streptokinase and 70 +/- 49% for APSAC, p less than or equal to 0.06) and in the patients reperfused by either agent (residual ST segment elevation 46 +/- 34% for reperfused and 68 +/- 52% for non-reperfused, p less than or equal to 0.10). ECG infarct size at discharge, determined by sum of Q waves and a 29-point QRS score, relative to the degree of initial ST segment elevation was similar in the streptokinase and APSAC patients, but smaller in reperfused than non-reperfused patients (p less than or equal to 0.01 for sigma Q). Peak serum creatine kinase and MB isoenzyme of creatine kinase levels were similar in the streptokinase and APSAC, and in reperfused and non-reperfused patients. Lower peak lactic acid dehydrogenase and especially lactic acid dehydrogenase isoenzyme values (by 16% and 22%, respectively) were observed in reperfused patients, but differences did not achieve significance. However, the time to peak enzyme levels was significantly shorter in the reperfused patients. Early intracoronary streptokinase and intravenous APSAC therapy have similar effects on ECG and enzymatic infarct size. Reperfusion by either agent, given at a mean of 3 hours 25 minutes, may reduce estimates of infarct size modestly.
Authors:
R A Hackworthy; S G Sorensen; R L Menlove; J L Anderson
Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Drugs     Volume:  33 Suppl 3     ISSN:  0012-6667     ISO Abbreviation:  Drugs     Publication Date:  1987  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1988-01-07     Completed Date:  1988-01-07     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7600076     Medline TA:  Drugs     Country:  NEW ZEALAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  198-208     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
LDS Hospital, University of Utah Medical School, Salt Lake City.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Anistreplase
Coronary Angiography
Creatine Kinase / blood*
Electrocardiography*
Female
Fibrinolytic Agents / therapeutic use*
Humans
Infusions, Intra-Arterial
Injections, Intravenous
L-Lactate Dehydrogenase / blood*
Male
Middle Aged
Myocardial Infarction / drug therapy*,  enzymology,  physiopathology
Plasminogen / therapeutic use*
Random Allocation
Streptokinase / therapeutic use*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Fibrinolytic Agents; 81669-57-0/Anistreplase; 9001-91-6/Plasminogen; EC 1.1.1.27/L-Lactate Dehydrogenase; EC 2.7.3.2/Creatine Kinase; EC 3.4.-/Streptokinase

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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