Document Detail

Electrocardiographic assessment of left ventricular hypertrophy with time-voltage QRS and QRST-wave areas.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14688808     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The sum of time-voltage QRS areas in the 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) has outperformed other 12-lead ECG indices for detection of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). We assessed indices of time-voltage QRS and T-wave (QRST) areas from body surface potential mapping (BSPM) for detection of and quantitation of the degree of LVH. We studied 42 patients with echocardiographic LVH (LVH group) and 11 healthy controls (controls). QRST area sums were calculated from 123-lead BSPM and from the 12-lead ECG for comparison. Leadwise discriminant indices and correlation coefficients were used to identify optimal recording locations for QRST area-based LVH assessment. BSPM QRS area sum was greater in the LVH group than in controls (3752 +/- 1259 vs 2278 +/- 627 microV s, respectively; P<0.001) and at 91% specificity showed 74% sensitivity for LVH detection. The 12-lead QRS area sum performed similarly. Taking T-wave areas into account did not improve the results. QRS area sum from two most informative leads (located in the upper and lower right precordium) also separated the LVH group from controls (61.1 +/- 23.5 vs 27.8 +/- 6.5 microV s, respectively; P<0.00001). This 2-lead QRS area sum showed 90% sensitivity with 100% specificity for LVH detection and maintained high correlation to indexed left ventricular mass (r=0.732; P<0.001). In conclusion, the BSPM QRS area sum compared to 12-lead QRS area sum does not substantially improve LVH assessment. The 2-lead QRS area sum may improve ECG QRS area-based LVH assessment.
L Oikarinen; M Karvonen; M Viitasalo; P Takala; M Kaartinen; J Rossinen; I Tierala; H Hänninen; T Katila; M S Nieminen; L Toivonen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of human hypertension     Volume:  18     ISSN:  0950-9240     ISO Abbreviation:  J Hum Hypertens     Publication Date:  2004 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-12-22     Completed Date:  2004-11-03     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8811625     Medline TA:  J Hum Hypertens     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  33-40     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Journal of Human Hypertension (2004) 18, 33-40. doi:10.1038/sj.jhh.1001631
Division of Cardiology, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland.
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MeSH Terms
Body Surface Potential Mapping / methods*
Cluster Analysis
Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular / diagnosis*,  ultrasonography
Middle Aged
Sensitivity and Specificity

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