Document Detail

Electrical stimulation and swimming performance.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8614324     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The purpose of the study was to examine the influence of a 3-wk period of electrostimulation training on the strength of the latissimus dorsi m. and the swimming performances of 14 competitive swimmers divided into 7 electrostimulated (EG) and 7 control swimmers (CG). The peak torques registered during the flexion-extension of the arm was determined with the help of an isokinetic dynamometer at different velocities (from -60 degrees.s(-1) to 360 degrees.s(-1)). Performances were measured over a 25-m pull buoy and a 50-m freestyle swim. For EG, a significant increase of the peak torques was measured in isometric, eccentric, and concentric conditions (P < 0.5). The swimming times declined significantly (P < 0.01) by 0.19 +/- 0.14 s, for the 25-m pull-buoy, and by 0.38 +/- 0.24 s, for the 50-m freestyle. For CG, no significant difference was found for any of the tests. For the whole group, the variations of the peak torques, measured in eccentric condition (-60 degrees.s(-1)) were related to the variations of the performances (r = 0.77; P < 0.01). These results showed that an electrostimulation program of the latissimus dorsi increased the strength and swimming performances of a group of competitive swimmers.
F Pichon; J C Chatard; A Martin; G Cometti
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicine and science in sports and exercise     Volume:  27     ISSN:  0195-9131     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Publication Date:  1995 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-05-31     Completed Date:  1996-05-31     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8005433     Medline TA:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1671-6     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Groupe Analyse du Mouvement, UFR STAPS, Université de Bourgogne, Dijon, France.
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MeSH Terms
Analysis of Variance
Arm / physiology
Electric Stimulation* / instrumentation,  methods
Isometric Contraction
Muscle Contraction
Muscle, Skeletal / physiology*
Psychomotor Performance / physiology
Swimming / physiology*
Videotape Recording

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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