Document Detail

Electrical stimulation and pelvic floor muscle training with biofeedback in patients with fecal incontinence: a cohort study of 281 patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16773492     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: Pelvic floor rehabilitation is an appealing treatment for patients with fecal incontinence but reported results vary. This study was designed to assess the outcome of pelvic floor rehabilitation in a large series of consecutive patients with fecal incontinence caused by different etiologies. METHODS: A total of 281 patients (252 females) were included. Data about medical history, anal manometry, rectal capacity measurement, and endoanal sonography were collected. Subgroups of patients were defined by anal sphincter complex integrity, and nature and possible underlying causes of fecal incontinence. Subsequently patients were referred for pelvic floor rehabilitation, comprising nine sessions of electric stimulation and pelvic floor muscle training with biofeedback. Pelvic floor rehabilitation outcome was documented with Vaizey score, anal manometry, and rectal capacity measurement findings. RESULTS: Vaizey score improved from baseline in 143 of 239 patients (60 percent), remained unchanged in 56 patients (23 percent), and deteriorated in 40 patients (17 percent). Mean Vaizey score reduced with 3.2 points (P < 0.001). A Vaizey score reduction of >or= 50 percent was observed in 32 patients (13 percent). Mean squeeze pressure (+5.1 mmHg; P = 0.04) and maximal tolerated volume (+11 ml; P = 0.01) improved from baseline. Resting pressure (P = 0.22), sensory threshold (P = 0.52), and urge sensation (P = 0.06) remained unchanged. Subgroup analyses did not show substantial differences in effects of pelvic floor rehabilitation between subgroups. CONCLUSIONS: Pelvic floor rehabilitation leads overall to a modest improvement in severity of fecal incontinence, squeeze pressure, and maximal tolerated volume. Only in a few patients, a substantial improvement of the baseline Vaizey score was observed. Further studies are needed to identify patients who most likely will benefit from pelvic floor rehabilitation.
M P Terra; A C Dobben; B Berghmans; M Deutekom; C G M I Baeten; L W M Janssen; G E E Boeckxstaens; A F Engel; R J F Felt-Bersma; J F M Slors; M F Gerhards; A B Bijnen; E Everhardt; W R Schouten; P M M Bossuyt; J Stoker
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Diseases of the colon and rectum     Volume:  49     ISSN:  0012-3706     ISO Abbreviation:  Dis. Colon Rectum     Publication Date:  2006 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-08-10     Completed Date:  2006-09-28     Revised Date:  2009-11-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372764     Medline TA:  Dis Colon Rectum     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1149-59     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Radiology, Academic Medical Center, G1-229, Meibergdreef 9, 1105 AZ, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Biofeedback, Psychology*
Electric Stimulation*
Fecal Incontinence / physiopathology,  rehabilitation*
Middle Aged
Muscle Contraction
Muscle, Smooth / physiopathology
Pelvic Floor / physiopathology*
Prospective Studies
Treatment Outcome

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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