Document Detail

Electrical stimulation-assisted rowing exercise in spinal cord injured people. A pilot study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8414639     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Recently a FES (functional electrical stimulation)-assisted rowing machine was developed to enhance cardiovascular training in people with spinal cord injuries. The machine was assessed in terms of its efficacy as a training tool. Six patients who were quadriplegic (C6-T1) and 2 who were paraplegic (T3-6) completed a series of three tests in succession: (1) leg stimulation only (quadriceps and hamstring groups)--'Stim', (2) arm row only--'Row' and (3) simultaneous row and stimulation--'R & S'. Measurements recorded included oxygen uptake (VO2), minute ventilation (Ve), respiratory exchange ratio (RER), heart rate (HR) and blood pressure (BP). In addition, 6 out of the 8 subjects took part in a qualitative assessment comprising a guided interview exploring the subject's perception of the machine and test. Significant increases in VO2 were demonstrated between the three tests with R & S producing mean steady-state values of 16.34 nm (+/- 0.74) ml/kg/min (83% of maximum). These values represented a 12% increase over Row alone. Of interest was the qualitative assessment which revealed that subjects perceived R & S to be easier than Row despite the higher levels of VO2 observed. The results suggest that the rowing machine represents a potentially valuable hybrid training device that may significantly reduce risk factors for cardiovascular disease and improve the quality of life of people with SCI.
J J Laskin; E A Ashley; L M Olenik; R Burnham; D C Cumming; R D Steadward; G D Wheeler
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Paraplegia     Volume:  31     ISSN:  0031-1758     ISO Abbreviation:  Paraplegia     Publication Date:  1993 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-11-09     Completed Date:  1993-11-09     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985038R     Medline TA:  Paraplegia     Country:  SCOTLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  534-41     Citation Subset:  IM    
Rick Hansen Centre, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Electric Stimulation Therapy*
Exercise Therapy*
Heart Rate / physiology
Leg / physiology
Oxygen Consumption / physiology
Physical Fitness
Pilot Projects
Respiratory Function Tests
Spinal Cord Injuries / psychology,  rehabilitation*
Tendons / physiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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