Document Detail

El Niño and variations in the prevalence of Plasmodium vivax and P. falciparum in Vanuatu.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19070877     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Malaria, both Plasmodium falciparum and P. vivax, is a major cause of morbidity in Vanuatu. As P. vivax is more prevalent in seasonal climates and P. falciparum in areas of more consistent rainfall, it is postulated that there will be a correlation between the ratio of vivax:falciparum and the El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO), which affects sea surface temperatures and rainfall. With changes in global climate, the frequency, duration and strength of the ENSO are expected to alter, influencing the pattern of malaria. The data showed no obvious correlation between ENSO and either cases of malaria or the vivax:falciparum ratio.
M Gilbert; R Brindle
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2008-12-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene     Volume:  103     ISSN:  1878-3503     ISO Abbreviation:  Trans. R. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg.     Publication Date:  2009 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-11-09     Completed Date:  2010-12-01     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7506129     Medline TA:  Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1285-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Imperial College London, UK.
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MeSH Terms
El Nino-Southern Oscillation*
Malaria, Falciparum / epidemiology*
Malaria, Vivax / epidemiology*
Plasmodium falciparum*
Plasmodium vivax*
Vanuatu / epidemiology

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