Document Detail

Ejection fraction in patients with heart failure and preserved ejection fraction is greater than that in controls - A mechanism facilitating left ventricular filling and maximizing cardiac output.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22749381     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The absolute value of ejection fraction (EF) in patients with heart failure and preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is often observed to be greater than that in healthy, age- or risk-factor matched controls. Assuming this observation is true, we sought for a physiological explanation. It is hypothesized that an increased EF in HFpEF patients has a role in augmenting cardiac output (CO) especially during exercise. Normal mechanisms for increasing CO are restricted in HFpEF. For e.g., recruiting the Frank-Starling mechanism is limited by a thick left ventricle (LV) which is stiff and distends, however with greater than normal filling pressure. Increasing heart rate and decreasing systemic vascular resistance during exercise was shown to be significantly restricted in HFpEF. It is hypothesized that a "greater than normal" EF in HFpEF translates into a more forceful contraction, storing elastic energy (during systole) in the myocardial tissue. When systole terminates, as the contractile elements detach, the stored energy is utilized for rapid relengthening of the contractile elements of the myocardium, before mitral valve opening. The abrupt expansion of the LV decreases LV pressure to a minimum, thereby increasing the pressure gradient between the left atrium and LV. The latter pressure gradient accounts for an efficient early LV filling. Using the energy stored during systole in favor of early LV filling is referred to as elastic recoil (ER, also termed: diastolic suction). ER is especially important when heart rate is increased, resulting in a short time window for LV filling. The mechanism of ER is hypothesized to account for maximizing the potential for early LV filling. A systematic review of the literature is needed to verify that the observation is true, and further studies to support this hypothesis.
Guy Dori; Michael Rudman; Oscar Lichtenstein; Jorge E Schliamser
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-6-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medical hypotheses     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-2777     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7505668     Medline TA:  Med Hypotheses     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Department of Internal Medicine E, HaEmek Medical Center, Afula, Israel.
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