Document Detail

Eighteen-month follow-up of infants fed evaporated milk formula.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10489720     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
In parts of Canada including Newfoundland and Labrador and among Aboriginal peoples, infants still consume evaporated milk (EM) formulas for cultural and economic reasons. At 3 and 6 months, full-term infants fed EM (n = 30) received low intakes of iron, thiamine, selenium and had higher weight velocity than breastfed (BF, n = 29) infants. EM infants had greater anemia, lowered transketolase activity (thiamine) and lowered glutathione peroxidase (selenium) activity (p < 0.05). To determine the later effect of early feeding deficit on nutritional status, we examined these same infants at 18 months of age. At that time, there were no differences in dietary intakes of energy, protein, zinc, copper, selenium and iron, nor in plasma levels of zinc, copper, vitamin C, nor in red blood cell activity levels of glutathione reductase (riboflavin), transketolase, glutathione peroxidase, nor in superoxide dismutase. However, EM infants weighed more and were more likely to visit a physician, have anemia, and have iron depletion than were BF infants. We conclude that infants consuming evaporated milk formulas should receive iron supplements throughout infancy.
J K Friel; W L Andrews; C Edgecombe; U R McCloy; S L Belkhode; M R L'Abbe; C N Mercer; A C McDonald
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Canadian journal of public health = Revue canadienne de santé publique     Volume:  90     ISSN:  0008-4263     ISO Abbreviation:  Can J Public Health     Publication Date:    1999 Jul-Aug
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-10-01     Completed Date:  1999-10-01     Revised Date:  2013-06-05    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372714     Medline TA:  Can J Public Health     Country:  CANADA    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  240-3     Citation Subset:  IM    
Memorial University of Newfoundland, Janeway Child Health Centre, St. John's.
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MeSH Terms
Bottle Feeding / adverse effects*
Child Nutrition Disorders / etiology
Deficiency Diseases / etiology
Energy Intake
Follow-Up Studies
Indians, North American
Infant Food / adverse effects*
Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*
Milk / adverse effects*
Newfoundland and Labrador
Nutrition Surveys
Nutritional Status*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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