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The (Eigen)value of diffusion tensor imaging to investigate depression after traumatic brain injury.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23008175     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Background: Many people with a traumatic brain injury (TBI), even mild to moderate, will develop major depression (MD). Recent studies of patients with MD suggest reduced fractional anisotropy (FA) in dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC), temporal lobe tracts, midline, and capsule regions. Some of these pathways have also been found to have reduced FA in patients with TBI. It is unknown whether the pathways implicated in MD after TBI are similar to those with MD without TBI. This study sought to investigate whether there were specific pathways unique to TBI patients who develop MD. Methods: A sample of TBI-MD subjects (N = 14), TBI-no-MD subjects (N = 12), MD-no-TBI (N = 26), and control subjects (no TBI or MD, N = 23), using a strict measurement protocol underwent psychiatric assessments and diffusion tensor brain Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). Results: The findings of this study indicate that (1) TBI patients who develop MD have reduced axial diffusivity in DLPFC, corpus callosum (CC), and nucleus accumbens white matter tracts compared to TBI patients who do not develop MD and (2) MD patients without a history of TBI have reduced FA along the CC. We also found that more severe MD relates to altered radial diffusivity. Conclusions: These findings suggest that compromise to specific white matter pathways, including both axonal and myelination aspects, after a mild TBI underlie the susceptibility of these patients developing MD. Hum Brain Mapp, 2012. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Jerome J Maller; Richard H S Thomson; Kerstin Pannek; Stephen E Rose; Neil Bailey; Philip M Lewis; Paul B Fitzgerald
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-9-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  Human brain mapping     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1097-0193     ISO Abbreviation:  Hum Brain Mapp     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-9-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9419065     Medline TA:  Hum Brain Mapp     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Monash Alfred Psychiatry Research Centre, The Alfred & Monash University School of Psychology and Psychiatry, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
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