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Efforts to correlate laboratory with field observations on bull sperm fertility.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16725877     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This work represents efforts towards development of the zona-free hamster ovum sperm penetration assay for predicting relative levels of fertility for semen from individual bulls. Results reported here followed insemination of hamster vitelli with bull sperm, after frozen storage, with observations of sperm acrosomes and parallel inseminations of more than 1000 cows with semen from each bull. The average 75-day non-return rate for the four bulls was 74.0% (range 71.6 to 75.6). Laboratory studies indicated the following: the percentage of sperm with intact acrosomes varied from 55 to 73 between bulls, the percentage of motile sperm varied from 41 to 64, the percentage of sperm with progressive motility ranged from 24 to 40, the number of sperm interacting per (zona-free hamster) ovum ranged from 1.6 to 3.8, the number of sperm attached per ovum ranged from 1.4 to 2.9, the number of sperm within each penetrated ovum ranged from 1.5 to 1.8, the percentage of ova interacting with sperm ranged from 76 to 92, the percentage of ova penetrated ranged from 62 to 85, and the percentage of ova with male pronuclei ranged from 33 to 49. Although predictive ranking in the laboratory of these bulls with less than 4% variation in fertility levels was not possible, the zone-free hamster ovum test could be useful in identifying potentially subfertile bulls before they enter a young sire-sampling program.
Authors:
D Bousquet; B G Brackett; M A Dressel; C H Allen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Theriogenology     Volume:  20     ISSN:  0093-691X     ISO Abbreviation:  Theriogenology     Publication Date:  1983 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-05-26     Completed Date:  2009-12-11     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0421510     Medline TA:  Theriogenology     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  601-13     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Clinical Studies-New Bolton Center, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Kennett Square, Pennsylvania, USA.
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