Document Detail

Efficiency of oocyte cryopreservation: a meta-analysis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16818031     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficiency of oocyte cryopreservation relative to IVF with unfrozen oocytes. DESIGN: Meta-analysis. SETTING: Academic assisted reproduction center. PATIENT(S): Results of all reports from January 1997 to June 2005 with the patients undergoing IVF-intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) with cryopreserved cycles between 1996 and 2004 were compared with those of patients who underwent IVF-ICSI with unfrozen oocytes in 2002 and 2003 in our program. INTERVENTION(S): Mean age and number of ET cycles originating from unfrozen oocytes was matched with those for thaw cycles originating from oocytes cryopreserved with a slow-freezing (SF) protocol. Vitrification (VF) reports were not included in the comparative analysis because of a small number of pregnancies (10) before June 2005. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): The comparison of fertilization rate, clinical pregnancy, and live-birth rates per injected oocyte, clinical pregnancy and live-birth rates per transfer, and implantation rate between IVF-ICSI cycles with frozen and unfrozen oocytes. RESULT(S): Live-birth rates per oocyte thawed were 1.9% and 2.0% for SF and VF, respectively, before June 2005. Live-birth rates per injected oocyte and ET, respectively, were 3.4% and 21.6% for SF and were 6.6% and 60.4% for IVF with unfrozen oocytes. Compared to women who underwent IVF after SF, IVF with unfrozen oocytes resulted in significantly better rates of fertilization (odds ratio [95% confidence interval]); 2.22 (1.80, 2.74), of live birth per injected oocyte; 1.5 (1.26, 1.79), and of implantation; 4.66 (3.93, 5.52). These odds ratios were lower when oocyte cryopreservation success rates from 2002-2004 were compared with those for IVF with unfrozen oocytes. When the reports after June 2005 were considered, this trend did not appear to continue. With the consideration of VF reports after June 2005, however, higher pregnancy rates were achieved. CONCLUSION(S): In vitro fertilization success rates with slow-frozen oocytes are significantly lower when compared with the case of IVF with unfrozen oocytes. Although oocyte cryopreservation with the SF method appears to be justified for preserving fertility when a medical indication exists, its value for elective applications remains to be determined. Pregnancy rates with VF appear to have improved, but further studies will be needed to determine the efficiency and safety of this technique.
Kutluk Oktay; Aylin Pelin Cil; Heejung Bang
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Meta-Analysis    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Fertility and sterility     Volume:  86     ISSN:  1556-5653     ISO Abbreviation:  Fertil. Steril.     Publication Date:  2006 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-07-04     Completed Date:  2006-08-01     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372772     Medline TA:  Fertil Steril     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  70-80     Citation Subset:  IM    
Fertility Preservation Program at Center for Reproductive Medicine and Infertility, New York, New York, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Cryopreservation / methods,  statistics & numerical data*
Embryo Transfer / statistics & numerical data*
Fertilization in Vitro / statistics & numerical data*
Infertility, Female / epidemiology*,  therapy*
Live Birth / epidemiology*
Oocytes / transplantation*
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Treatment Outcome

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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