Document Detail


Efficiency of HAART in the prevention of mother to children HIV-1 transmission at Saint Camille medical centre in Burkina Faso, West Africa.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23199720     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate efficiency of HAART in the prevention of mother to child HIV transmission.
METHODS: A longitudinal study was conducted on 1 300 women attending the antenatal service at Saint Camille Medical Centre from September 2010 to July 2011. The HIV status of mothers was determined by rapid tests and ELISA. Discordant results were confirmed by real-time PCR. PCR was used to determine HIV status of children born from HIV-positive mothers.
RESULTS: Among 1 300 pregnant women tested for HIV, 378 were seropositive. Mothers were predominantly housewives (69.7%), and their mean age was (28.32±0.15) years. The overall prevalence of HIV transmission from mother to child was 4.8% (18/378). This prevalence differed significantly from 0.0% (0/114) to 6.8% (18/264) in children born from mothers under HAART and those with mothers under New Prophylactic Protocol (AZT + 3TC + NVP), respectively (P< 0.01). Children's mortality rate during the medical follow up was 1.3% (5/378). Among 16 women with HIV dubious status by ELISA, the Real Time PCR confirmed 2/16 (12.5%) as HIV positive.
CONCLUSIONS: The protocol of prevention of mother to children HIV transmission (PMTCT) is effective. The rate of HIV vertical transmission is significantly reduced. Early diagnosis determined by PCR of children born from HIV-positive mother is necessary and recommended in the context of PMTCT in Burkina Faso. We also found that PCR is an effective tool to confirm HIV status in pregnant women.
Authors:
Laure Stella Ghoma Linguissi; Cyrille Bisseye; Tani Sagna; Bolni Marius Nagalo; Djeneba Ouermi; Florencia W Djigma; Salvatore Pignatelli; Joseph D Sia; Virginio Pietra; Remy Moret; Jean Baptiste Nikiema; Jacques Simpore
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Asian Pacific journal of tropical medicine     Volume:  5     ISSN:  1995-7645     ISO Abbreviation:  Asian Pac J Trop Med     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-03     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101533720     Medline TA:  Asian Pac J Trop Med     Country:  Singapore    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  991-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Hainan Medical College. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Centre de Recherche Biomoléculaire Pietro Annigoni (CERBA)/LABIOGENE, UFR/SVT, Université de Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
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