Document Detail


Efficiency of the Dual-Cured Resin Cement Polymerization Induced by High-Intensity LED Curing Units Through Ceramic Material.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25136906     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
SUMMARY Objective : This study aimed to evaluate the ability of high-intensity light-emitting diode (LED) and other curing units to cure dual-cured resin cement through ceramic material. Methods : A halogen curing unit (Jetlite 3000, Morita), a second-generation LED curing unit (Demi, Kerr), and two high-intensity LED curing units (PenCure 2000, Morita; Valo, Ultradent) were tested. Feldspathic ceramic plates (VITABLOCS Mark II, A3; Vita Zahnfabrik) with thicknesses of 1.0, 2.0, and 3.0 mm were prepared. Dual-cured resin cement samples (Clearfil Esthetic Cement, Kuraray Noritake Dental) were irradiated directly or through one of the ceramic plates for different periods (5, 10, 15, or 20 seconds for the high-intensity LED units and 20, 40, 60, or 80 seconds for the others). The Knoop hardness test was used to determine the level of photopolymerization that had been induced in the resin cement. Data were analyzed by one-way analysis of variance and Dunnett's post-hoc test to identify test-control (maximum irradiation without a ceramic plate) differences for each curing unit (p<0.05). Results : For all curing units, the curing conditions had a statistically significant effect on the Knoop hardness numbers (KHNs) of the irradiated cement samples (p<0.001). In general, the KHN decreased with increasing plate thickness and increased as the irradiation period was extended. Jetlite 3000 achieved control-level KHN values only when the plate thickness was 1.0 mm. At a plate thickness ≥2.0 mm, the LED units (except for PenCure 2000 at 3.0 mm) were able to achieve control-level KHN values when the irradiation time was extended. At a plate thickness of 3.0 mm, irradiation for 20 seconds with the Valo or for 80 seconds with the Demi were the only methods that produced KHN values equivalent to those produced by direct irradiation. Conclusion : Regardless of the type of curing unit used, indirect irradiation of dual-cured resin cement through a ceramic plate resulted in decreased KHN values compared with direct irradiation. When the irradiation period was extended, only the LED units were able to achieve similar KHN values to those observed under direct irradiation in the presence of plates ≥2.0-mm thick. High-intensity LED units require a shorter irradiation period than halogen and second-generation LED curing units to obtain KHN values similar to those observed during direct irradiation.
Authors:
H Watanabe; Re Kazama; T Asai; F Kanaya; H Ishizaki; M Fukushima; T Okiji
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-8-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Operative dentistry     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1559-2863     ISO Abbreviation:  Oper Dent     Publication Date:  2014 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-8-19     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7605679     Medline TA:  Oper Dent     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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