Document Detail

Efficiency of drug delivery to the coronary arteries in swine is dependent on the route of administration: assessment of luminal, intimal, and adventitial coronary artery and venous delivery methods.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20813544     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
PURPOSE: To compare the efficiency of five different drug delivery methods to the coronary artery in swine.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: A nanoparticle-albumin-bound, nonradioactive isotopic marker was administered within the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) through a microinfusion catheter (MIC: adventitial, n = 8, and luminal, n = 4), a porous drug infusion balloon (DIB: intimal, n = 4), and a straight catheter (SC: luminal, n = 2) and within the superior vena cava (SC: intravenous, luminal, n = 2). The distribution of the marker in heart, lung, liver, kidney, muscle, blood, urine, and bile was determined 68-84 minutes after delivery. The heart was sectioned into six axial slices and each slice divided into four quadrants. The marker content was assayed by neutron bombardment and the total counts of disintegrations per minute (DPM) expressed as a percentage of the control for each device delivery control.
RESULTS: After luminal delivery with the nonactuated MIC (MIC-NA) or intimal delivery with the DIB, 0.17% ± 0.07 and 0.39% ± 0.09, respectively, less than 0.39% of the total marker was detected in the heart. After adventitial delivery with the actuated MIC (MIC-A), 63.1% ± 9.9 of the total marker was detected in the heart. Marker was only detected in quadrants containing the coronary LAD, with the highest level in the middle slice and lower marker levels in consecutive proximal and distal heart slices. The nonactuated MIC-NA and DIB drug infusion balloon patterns of marker distribution were similar to those of actuated MIC-A, although with reduced levels. These delivery methods were also associated with considerably more marker detected in the lungs and liver: at least 22% compared with 1.34% ± 1.34 for the actuated MIC-A There was one delivery failure with the actuated MIC.
CONCLUSIONS: Catheter-based adventitial delivery with the MIC-A represents a more efficient delivery method for retention of vascular therapeutics.
John W Karanian; Jennifer A Peregoy; O Alberto Chiesa; Tracy L Murray; Chul Ahn; William F Pritchard
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-09-01
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of vascular and interventional radiology : JVIR     Volume:  21     ISSN:  1535-7732     ISO Abbreviation:  J Vasc Interv Radiol     Publication Date:  2010 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-09-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9203369     Medline TA:  J Vasc Interv Radiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1555-64     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 SIR. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Office of Science and Engineering Laboratories, US Food and Drug Administration, Center for Devices and Radiological Health, Silver Spring, Maryland, USA.
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