Document Detail

Efficacy of two commercially available cardiac pacing catheters for transesophageal atrial pacing in dogs.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22841903     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: Compare the efficacy of two cardiac pacing catheters for transesophageal atrial pacing (TAP).
ANIMALS: Ten healthy dogs.
METHODS: Transesophageal atrial pacing was attempted in left lateral recumbency under general anesthesia. In series, a curved electrophysiologic (EP) catheter and a straight transesophageal pacing (TP) catheter were passed transorally into the distal esophagus, caudal to the heart. Each catheter was slowly withdrawn until pacing was initiated. The catheter continued to be withdrawn in 5 mm increments until capture was no longer achieved at maximal pacing setting creating a total zone of capture (tZOC). Minimum pacing threshold (Th(min)) and degree of extraneous muscle stimulation (EMS) were determined at each site.
RESULTS: The EP catheter achieved TAP in 10/10 dogs with a Th(min) of 8.8 ± 4.8 mA and tZOC of 4.0 ± 1.7 cm. The TP catheter achieved TAP in 7/10 dogs with a Th(min) of 22.5 ± 5.6 mA and tZOC of 1.2 ± 1.6 cm. No EMS was noted during TAP at Th(min) using the EP catheter. Of the 7 dogs in which TAP was successful, 3/7 experienced considerable EMS at Th(min). There was no significant relationship between patient body weight and Th(min) with either catheter (EP catheter P = 0.09; TP catheter P = 0.81).
CONCLUSIONS: The electrophysiology catheter captured the atria of more dogs over a larger area without EMS as compared to the TP catheter. The electrophysiology catheter is recommended for transesophageal atrial pacing in dogs.
Emily H Chapel; Robert A Sanders
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2012-07-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of veterinary cardiology : the official journal of the European Society of Veterinary Cardiology     Volume:  14     ISSN:  1875-0834     ISO Abbreviation:  J Vet Cardiol     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-08-27     Completed Date:  2013-01-10     Revised Date:  2014-03-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101163270     Medline TA:  J Vet Cardiol     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  409-14     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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MeSH Terms
Cardiac Pacing, Artificial / methods,  veterinary*
Heart Rate
Pacemaker, Artificial / veterinary*
Grant Support
5T35RR017491-09/RR/NCRR NIH HHS; T35 RR017491/RR/NCRR NIH HHS

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