Document Detail

Efficacy and tolerability of piroxicam-beta-cyclodextrin in the outpatient management of chronic back pain.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12696775     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Piroxicam-beta-cyclodextrin (PBC) is the first nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), in which the active substance is complexed with the cyclic oligosaccharide cyclodextrin, which acts as an artificial receptor. This complex allows single molecules of the NSAID to be released adjacent to the gastrointestinal mucosa, instead of crystals. Since the piroxicam is immediately bioavailable in this formulation, the onset of action is similar to that of a parenteral drug. Since the time contact with gastric mucosa is reduced, the risk of direct-contact gastric irritation is also reduced. There is good evidence that PBC is beneficial in managing acute non-specific back pain (BP) but sufficient evidence on chronic BP is lacking. METHODS: Thirty-one eligible patients aged 18-85 years, resistant to previous therapy with different NSAIDs, were treated with PBC 20 mg once daily in a 40-day open-label noncomparative study. The patients experienced chronic BP defined as pain between the occipital region and gluteal fold, lasting for at least 6 weeks but not more than 6 months. Efficacy was assessed by changes in pain intensity, paravertebral tonus, functional impairment and morning stiffness using a 4-point numerical rating scale. Patients also self-assessed nocturnal and diurnal pain using the visual analogue scale. Tolerability was assessed by adverse events and routine laboratory evaluations. Global assessment of efficacy and tolerability by physician and patients was performed at the last visit. RESULTS: Using intention-to-treat analysis, all efficacy assessments demonstrated statistically significant improvements over baseline at each follow-up. 90.3% of the patients evaluated the efficacy of PBC as improved or greatly improved, and investigators rated the treatment as improved or greatly improved in 87.1% of patients. Remission was achieved in 19.3% of the patients. Tolerability was also rated highly, with 83.9% of the patients characterizing PBC treatment as good or very good, and the investigators rated the treatment as good or excellent in 87.1% of the patients. Drug related adverse events were reported in 9.7% of patients and prompted discontinuation of the study medication in 3.2% of patients. No serious adverse events were reported. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that the newly developed dosage form of piroxicam is effective and well tolerated in the treatment of patients with chronic BP. Thus, PBC, may be an important new treatment option in this condition. (Tab. 3, Fig. 3, Ref. 36.).
M R Pijak; P Turcani; Z Turcaniova; I Buran; I Gogolak; A Mihal; F Gazdik
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Bratislavské lekárske listy     Volume:  103     ISSN:  0006-9248     ISO Abbreviation:  Bratisl Lek Listy     Publication Date:  2002  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-04-16     Completed Date:  2003-05-01     Revised Date:  2009-11-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0065324     Medline TA:  Bratisl Lek Listy     Country:  Slovakia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  467-72     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Clinical Immunology, Institute of Preventive and Clinical Medicine, Bratislava, Slovakia.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal / adverse effects,  therapeutic use*
Back Pain / drug therapy*
Chronic Disease
Cyclodextrins / adverse effects,  therapeutic use*
Drug Combinations
Middle Aged
Piroxicam / adverse effects,  therapeutic use*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal; 0/Cyclodextrins; 0/Drug Combinations; 0/beta-Cyclodextrins; 36322-90-4/Piroxicam; 96684-39-8/piroxicam-beta-cyclodextrin

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