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Efficacy of stabilisation splint treatment on temporomandibular disorders.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22809314     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Summary  The evidence supporting the use of stabilisation splints in the treatment of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) is scarce and a need for well-controlled studies exists. The aim of this randomised, controlled trial study was to assess the efficacy of stabilisation splint treatment on TMD. The sample consisted of 80 consecutive referred patients who were randomly assigned to the splint group (n = 39) and the control group (n = 41). Subjects in the splint group were treated with a stabilisation splint, whereas subjects in the control group did not receive any treatment except counselling and instructions for masticatory muscle exercises which were given also to the subjects in the splint group. Outcomes were visual analogue scale (VAS) on facial pain intensity and clinical findings for TMD which were measured at baseline and after 1-month follow-up. The differences in change between the groups were analysed using regression models. Facial pain decreased and most of the clinical TMD findings resolved in both of the groups. The differences in changes in VAS or clinical TMD findings between the groups were not statistically significant. The findings of this study did not show that stabilisation splint treatment in combination with counselling and masticatory muscle exercises has additional benefit in relieving facial pain and increasing the mobility of the mandible than counselling and masticatory muscle exercises alone in a short time-interval.
Authors:
K Niemelä; M Korpela; A Raustia; P Ylöstalo; K Sipilä
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of oral rehabilitation     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1365-2842     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-19     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0433604     Medline TA:  J Oral Rehabil     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Affiliation:
Institute of Dentistry, University of Oulu, Oulu Department of Prosthetic Dentistry and Stomatognathic Physiology, Institute of Dentistry, University of Oulu, Oulu Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Oulu University Hospital, Oulu Department of Periodontology and Geriatric Dentistry, Institute of Dentistry, University of Oulu, Oulu Institute of Dentistry, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio Oral and Maxillofacial Department, Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio, Finland.
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