Document Detail

Efficacy and safety of bipolar sensing with high atrial sensitivity in dual chamber pacemakers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10793429     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
In dual chamber pacemakers, atrial sensing performance is decisive for maintenance of AV synchrony. Particularly, the efficacy of mode switching algorithms during intermittent atrial tachyarrhythmias depends on the sensitive detection of low potential amplitudes. Therefore, a high atrial sensitivity of 0.18 mV, commonly used in single lead VDD pacemakers, was investigated for its efficacy and safety in DDD pacing. Thirty patients received dual chamber pacemakers and bipolar atrial screw-in leads for sinus node syndrome or AV block; 15 patients suffered from intermittent atrial fibrillation. Pace makers were programmed to an atrial sensitivity of 0.18 mV. Two weeks, 3, 9, and 15 months after implantation, P wave sensing threshold and T wave oversensing thresholds for the native and paced T wave were determined. The myopotential oversensing thresholds were evaluated by isometric contraction of the pectoral muscles. Automatic mode switch to DDIR pacing was activated when the mean atrial rate exceeded 180 beats/min. The patients were followed by 24-hour Holter monitoring. Two weeks after implantation, mean atrial sensing threshold was 1.81 +/- 0.85 mV (range 0.25-2.8 mV) without significant differences during further follow-up. Native T wave sensing threshold was < 0.18 mV in all patients. In 13% of patients, paced T waves were perceived in the atrial channel at the highest sensitivity. This T wave sensing could easily be avoided by programming a postventricular atrial refractory period exceeding 300 ms. Myopotential oversensing could not be provoked and Holter records showed no signs of sensing dysfunction. During a 15-month follow-up, 1,191 mode switch events were counted by autodiagnostic pacemaker function. Forty-two of these events occurred during Holter monitoring. Unjustified mode switch was not observed. In DDD pacemakers, bipolar atrial sensing with a very high sensitivity is efficient and safe. Using these sensitivity settings, activation of the mode switch algorithm almost completely avoids fast transmission of atrial rate to the ventricle during atrial fibrillation.
U K Wiegand; F Bode; W Peters; H Haase; H Bonnemeier; H A Katus; J Potratz
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pacing and clinical electrophysiology : PACE     Volume:  23     ISSN:  0147-8389     ISO Abbreviation:  Pacing Clin Electrophysiol     Publication Date:  2000 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-06-23     Completed Date:  2000-06-23     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7803944     Medline TA:  Pacing Clin Electrophysiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  427-33     Citation Subset:  IM    
Medical University of Luebeck, Department of Internal Medicine II, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Arrhythmia, Sinus / physiopathology,  therapy*
Electrocardiography, Ambulatory
Equipment Safety
Exercise Test
Heart Atria / physiopathology*
Heart Block / physiopathology,  therapy*
Heart Rate
Middle Aged
Pacemaker, Artificial / standards*
Retrospective Studies
Treatment Outcome

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