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Efficacy of prolonged antimicrobial chemotherapy for brucellar spondylodiscitis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20518794     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The standard treatment of brucellar spondylitis with a combination of two antibiotics for 6-12 weeks is associated with high rates of treatment failure and relapse. The present study aimed to assess the safety and efficacy of a treatment strategy based on the prolonged administration of a triple combination of suitable antibiotics. Eighteen patients with brucellar spondylitis were treated with a combination of at least three suitable antibiotics (doxycycline, rifampin, plus intramuscular streptomycin or cotrimoxazole or ciprofloxacin) until the completion of at least 6 months of treatment, when clinical, radiological and serology re-evaluation was performed. If necessary, the treatment was continued with additional 6-month cycles, until resolution or significant improvement of clinical and radiological findings, or for a maximum of 18 months. At presentation, the median age was 66 years (range, 42-85 years) with male predominance. The median duration of therapy was 48 weeks (range 24-72 weeks). Treatment was discontinued early because of side-effects in only one patient. Surgical intervention was required for three patients. At the end of treatment all patients had a complete response. After completion of treatment, all patients were followed up with regular visits. During the follow-up period (duration 1-96 months, median 36.5 months), no relapses were observed. In conclusion, prolonged (at least 6 months) administration of a triple combination of suitable antibiotics appears to be an effective treatment for brucellar spondylitis.
Authors:
S Ioannou; D Karadima; S Pneumaticos; H Athanasiou; J Pontikis; A Zormpala; N V Sipsas
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical microbiology and infection : the official publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases     Volume:  17     ISSN:  1469-0691     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Microbiol. Infect.     Publication Date:  2011 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-04-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9516420     Medline TA:  Clin Microbiol Infect     Country:  France    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  756-62     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2010 The Authors. Clinical Microbiology and Infection © 2010 European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases.
Affiliation:
Pathophysiology Department, Laikon General Hospital, and Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece.
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