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Efficacy of preoperative skin traction for hip fractures: a single-institution prospective randomized controlled trial of skin traction versus no traction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23187429     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Preoperative traction for hip fractures is of no benefit in semi-urgent surgery. However, its efficacy has not been assessed in cases in which emergency surgery was not possible. We evaluated the efficacy of preoperative skin traction for hip fractures in a level II trauma center in Japan where many patients undergo delayed surgery. METHODS: We undertook a randomized controlled trial. Eighty-one patients were randomized to be treated with skin traction (41 patients), or bed rest (40 patients). Preoperative pain was assessed by use of a visual analogue scale and the number of analgesics required. Fracture reduction was measured on the basis of leg-length and neck-shaft angle discrepancies on the radiograph on admission, a day before surgery, and after surgery. RESULTS: The mean time from admission to surgery was 7.5 days. Pain decreased markedly on the day after admission in both the traction and no-traction groups. No significant difference was found during the preoperative waiting period between the groups in either pain score or number of analgesics taken. No significant difference was found in radiographic data either before or after surgery, and satisfactory reduction was achieved after surgery irrespective of the use of skin traction. CONCLUSIONS: In our single-institution prospective randomized controlled trial, preoperative skin traction for patients with hip fracture had no effect on pain relief before surgery or reduction of fracture displacement during surgery, irrespective of preoperative waiting time.
Jun Endo; Satoshi Yamaguchi; Masahito Saito; Takashi Itabashi; Kouji Kita; Wataru Koizumi; Yoshikuni Kawaguchi; Tomomi Asaka; Osamu Saegusa
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of orthopaedic science : official journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1436-2023     ISO Abbreviation:  J Orthop Sci     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9604934     Medline TA:  J Orthop Sci     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Japanese Red Cross Narita Hospital, 90-1 Iida-cho, Narita, Chiba, 286-8523, Japan,
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