Document Detail

Efficacy of prenatal and postpartum home visits on child health and development.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7402804     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This study is a controlled evaluation of the efficacy of home visits designed to promote better child health and development for infants of working class families. Each of the 115 mother-infant pairs meeting the study criteria was assigned to one of three comparable groups: group A received home visits starting prenatally; group B received visits from six weeks post partum; and group C received no visits. Home observations were completed by an independent evaluator at 6 weeks, 6, 12, and 18 months of age. Significant differences favoring group A over groups B and C were found at each evaluation period. These included: (1) a reduced accident rate; (2) higher scores on assessments of home environment and maternal behavior; and (3) a lower prevalence of mother-infant interaction or feeding problems and of nonparticipant fathers. Aside from a reduction in the accident rate, group B did not benefit from the home visits when compared to control infants. The results support the efficacy of home visits, but only if a prenatal visit is included. These findings suggest that a unique relationship is created between the mother and home visitor and this relationship is sensitive to the timing of the initial encounter.
C P Larson
Related Documents :
15696004 - Risk factors for toxoplasma gondii infection in mothers of infants with congenital toxo...
7974254 - A population-based study of gastroschisis: demographic, pregnancy, and lifestyle risk f...
2394414 - Peer interaction in infant chimpanzees.
15177864 - Supplementing breast-fed babies in the uk to protect their mothers from tiredness or di...
11298444 - Removal of chlorofluorocarbons by increased mass exchange between the stratosphere and ...
17604494 - Future pharmacotherapy in chronic bladder hypersensory conditions.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatrics     Volume:  66     ISSN:  0031-4005     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatrics     Publication Date:  1980 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1980-10-27     Completed Date:  1980-10-27     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376422     Medline TA:  Pediatrics     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  191-7     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Child Development*
Child Health Services / utilization*
Continuity of Patient Care*
Health Status
Home Care Services / utilization*
Infant, Newborn
Interpersonal Relations
Maternal Behavior
Primary Health Care*
Prospective Studies

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Hospital and home support during infancy: impact on maternal attachment, child abuse and neglect, an...
Next Document:  Sudden infant death syndrome: sleep apnea and respiration in subsequent siblings.