Document Detail

Efficacy of methotrexate treatment in viable and nonviable cervical pregnancies.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10601926     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: This retrospective study examined the overall efficacy of methotrexate chemotherapy in the treatment of cervical pregnancy and attempted to determine whether differences in the response to methotrexate therapy exist between patients with viable and nonviable cervical pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: A MEDLINE database search and a bibliographic review of the relevant literature were conducted to find reported cases of cervical pregnancy treated with methotrexate administration during the period from 1983 to 1997. Clinical and demographic characteristics, methotrexate regimen, concomitant invasive procedures, complications, and outcomes in viable and nonviable pregnancy groups were analyzed and compared. RESULTS: A total of 62 reported cases of cervical pregnancy were assessed. There were no statistically significant differences in demographic data, transfusion rate, and human chorionic gonadotropin remission time between viable and nonviable cervical pregnancy groups. Among the 35 cases of viable pregnancy 63% of women received systemic injection alone or a combination of systemic and local (intra-amniotic or intracervical) injection with methotrexate or potassium chloride and 37% had local injection of methotrexate (with or without potassium chloride) alone. Among the 23 cases of nonviable cervical pregnancy 96% of women received systemic methotrexate injection only. The need for >/=1 concomitant surgical procedure (such as simple curettage, dilation and curettage, cervical blocking, or uterine artery embolization) in conjunction with methotrexate therapy was significantly higher (P =.021) in the viable pregnancy group (43%) than in the nonviable pregnancy group (13%). The 94% success rate of preservation of the uterus in the viable pregnancy group was not significantly different from the 91% preservation rate in the nonviable pregnancy group. All patients who had successful uterine preservation returned to normal menstrual patterns. CONCLUSION: This retrospective study found that conservative treatment with methotrexate chemotherapy of patients with either viable or nonviable cervical pregnancies at <12 weeks' gestation carries a 91% success rate for preservation of the uterus. The structure of the cervix was restored and menstruation returned for all patients in whom the uterus was preserved after treatment. There was no evidence to suggest that the reproductive performance of these patients was affected by the treatment.
F T Kung; S Y Chang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of obstetrics and gynecology     Volume:  181     ISSN:  0002-9378     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol.     Publication Date:  1999 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-01-20     Completed Date:  2000-01-20     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370476     Medline TA:  Am J Obstet Gynecol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1438-44     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Niao Sung Hsiang, Kaohsiung Hsien, Taiwan.
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MeSH Terms
Abortifacient Agents, Nonsteroidal / therapeutic use*
Abortion, Therapeutic* / methods
Cervix Uteri
Fetal Viability
Methotrexate / therapeutic use*
Pregnancy, Ectopic / drug therapy*
Retrospective Studies
Treatment Outcome
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Abortifacient Agents, Nonsteroidal; 59-05-2/Methotrexate

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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