Document Detail

Efficacy and immunological actions of FAHF-2 in a murine model of multiple food allergies.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22541407     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
BACKGROUND: Food Allergy Herbal Formula-2 (FAHF-2) prevents anaphylaxis in a murine model of peanut allergy. Multiple food allergies (MFA) are common and associated with a higher risk of anaphylaxis. No well-characterized murine model of sensitization to multiple food allergens exists, and no satisfactory therapy for MFA is currently available.
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of FAHF-2 in a murine model of MFA.
METHODS: C3H/HeJ mice were orally sensitized to peanut, codfish, and egg concurrently. Oral FAHF-2 treatment commenced 1 day after completing sensitization and continued daily for 7 weeks. Mice were subsequently orally challenged with each allergen.
RESULTS: Antibodies in sera from mice simultaneously sensitized with peanut, codfish, and egg recognized major allergens of all 3 foods, demonstrating sensitization to multiple unrelated food allergens (MFA mice). Sham-treated MFA mice exhibited anaphylactic symptoms accompanied by elevation of plasma histamine and hypothermia. In contrast, FAHF-2-treated MFA mice showed no anaphylactic symptoms, normal body temperature, and histamine levels after challenge with each allergen. Protection was accompanied by reduction in allergen-specific immunoglobulin E levels. Allergen-stimulated Th2 cytokine interleukin-4 and interleukin-13 production levels decreased, whereas the Th1 cytokine interferon-γ levels were elevated in cultured splenocytes and mesenteric lymph node cells in FAHF-2-treated mice.
CONCLUSION: We established the first murine model of MFA. FAHF-2 prevents peanut, egg, and fish-induced anaphylactic reactions in this model, suggesting that FAHF-2 may have potential for treating human MFA.
Kamal D Srivastava; Ludmilla Bardina; Hugh A Sampson; Xiu-Min Li
Related Documents :
323977 - Experimental triggering of reproduction in a natural population of microtus montanus.
17412587 - Cooperative begging in banded mongoose pups.
22548557 - The influence of larval density, food stress, and parasitism on the bionomics of the de...
8144107 - Ecology of female social relationships: hanuman langurs (presbytis entellus) and the va...
24599347 - Metabolic physiology of the invasive clam, potamocorbula amurensis: the interactive rol...
23704957 - Mycophilic or mycophobic? legislation and guidelines on wild mushroom commerce reveal d...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of allergy, asthma & immunology : official publication of the American College of Allergy, Asthma, & Immunology     Volume:  108     ISSN:  1534-4436     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann. Allergy Asthma Immunol.     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-04-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9503580     Medline TA:  Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  351-358.e1     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Jaffe Food Allergy Institute, Division of Allergy and Immunology, Department of Pediatrics, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Contribution of interleukin 17A to the development and regulation of allergic inflammation in a muri...
Next Document:  Effects of intranasal mometasone furoate on itchy ear and palate in patients with seasonal allergic ...