Document Detail

Efficacy of hormonal manipulation in lymphangioleiomyomatosis. A 20-year-experience in 36 patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18069418     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
RATIONALE: Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a rare disease of unknown aetiology which mainly affects women of reproductive age. A growing body of evidence suggests a relation between the disease and estrogenic hormones. In particular, pregnancy and use of estrogens favour the progression of the disease, which is in turn slowed down by menopause. These observations suggested already in the past a treatment strategy based on hormonal manipulation: discontinuation of estrogens containing medications, avoiding pregnancy, inhibition of estrogens activity and induction of menopause. OBJECTIVES: In the present study, conducted on a relatively large population for a rare disease, we sought to show the hormonal manipulation's positive effects for the survival rate. METHODS: 36 women suffering from LAM were evaluated between January 1985 and March 2005. All our patients were treated with hormonal therapy, following different schemes. The response to the treatment was evaluated in all patients with arterial blood sampling, lung function tests (total body plethysmography, DLCO), measurement of the hormones in the blood, chest and abdomen CT scan. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: The survival rate since the clinical onset was 97% at the 5 year timepoint, 90% at 10 years, and 71% at 25 years. Previous studies, conducted before the introduction of the hormonal treatment showed a survival rate of 20% at 10 years. CONCLUSIONS: Our results highlight the role of the hormonal manipulation as a mainstay in the treatment of LAM, with the capability of reducing mortality and improving the quality of life as well.
Mario Schiavina; Paola Contini; Andrea Fabiani; Franca Cinelli; Valerio Di Scioscio; Maurizio Zompatori; Cristina Campidelli; Stefano A Pileri
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Sarcoidosis, vasculitis, and diffuse lung diseases : official journal of WASOG / World Association of Sarcoidosis and Other Granulomatous Disorders     Volume:  24     ISSN:  1124-0490     ISO Abbreviation:  Sarcoidosis Vasc Diffuse Lung Dis     Publication Date:  2007 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-12-11     Completed Date:  2008-02-11     Revised Date:  2009-11-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9610928     Medline TA:  Sarcoidosis Vasc Diffuse Lung Dis     Country:  Italy    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  39-50     Citation Subset:  IM    
Respiratory Pathophysiology Unit, S. Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, Via Massarenti 9 40138 Bologna, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Estrogen Antagonists / administration & dosage,  therapeutic use*
Estrogens / metabolism*
Hormones / administration & dosage,  therapeutic use*
Leuprolide / administration & dosage,  therapeutic use
Luteolytic Agents / administration & dosage,  therapeutic use
Lymphangioleiomyomatosis / drug therapy,  physiopathology*,  surgery,  therapy*
Medroxyprogesterone Acetate / administration & dosage,  therapeutic use
Middle Aged
Respiratory Function Tests
Triptorelin / administration & dosage,  therapeutic use
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Estrogen Antagonists; 0/Estrogens; 0/Hormones; 0/Luteolytic Agents; 53714-56-0/Leuprolide; 57773-63-4/Triptorelin; 71-58-9/Medroxyprogesterone Acetate

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