Document Detail

Efficacy of famotidine for the prevention of exercise-induced gastritis in racing Alaskan sled dogs.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17939544     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Omeprazole reduces the severity of exercise-induced gastritis but not the prevalence of gastric lesions in sled dogs. The frequent feeding of sled dogs during competition likely results in decreased absorption of omeprazole and, thereby, decreased efficacy. HYPOTHESIS: Famotidine, a histamine-2 blocker with good bioavailability in the presence of food, would reduce the incidence and severity of exercise-induced gastric disease in sled dogs. ANIMALS: Sixteen fit Alaskan sled dogs (4 female, 12 male, all intact, age 2-6 years). METHODS: Dogs were randomly assigned to treatment (22 mg famotidine PO q24h) or control groups (n = 8 per group). Famotidine was administered with a meal to the treatment group once daily for 7 days before a challenge and once during exercise. Control dogs were fed an identical diet as the principal group. The 16 dog team completed a 100-mile exercise challenge in 18 hours. A gastroscopy was performed 24 hours after the challenge. The appearance of the mucosa was scored by an individual by using a scoring system. RESULTS: Treatment with famotidine significantly reduced the severity score compared with control (P = .0004). No adverse effects of treatment were reported. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Famotidine is effective in reducing the severity of exercise-induced gastric disease in racing Alaskan sled dogs, with minimal to no adverse effects, and may be recommended for prophylactic use in short distance races.
Katherine K Williamson; Michael D Willard; Erica C McKenzie; Christopher M Royer; Mark E Payton; Michael S Davis
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of veterinary internal medicine / American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine     Volume:  21     ISSN:  0891-6640     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Vet. Intern. Med.     Publication Date:    2007 Sep-Oct
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-10-17     Completed Date:  2007-12-06     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8708660     Medline TA:  J Vet Intern Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  924-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Departments of Physiological Sciences, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Dog Diseases / etiology,  metabolism,  prevention & control*
Famotidine / pharmacokinetics,  pharmacology*
Gastritis / etiology,  metabolism,  prevention & control,  veterinary*
Gastroscopy / veterinary
Histamine H2 Antagonists / pharmacokinetics,  pharmacology*
Physical Conditioning, Animal / adverse effects*
Pilot Projects
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Histamine H2 Antagonists; 76824-35-6/Famotidine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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