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Efficacy of exercise training in pulmonary arterial hypertension associated with congenital heart disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23041100     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: The objective of this prospective study was to assess the efficacy of exercise training as add-on to medical therapy in patients with congenital heart disease associated pulmonary arterial hypertension (CHD-APAH). METHODS: Patients with invasively confirmed CHD-APAH received in-hospital exercise training for 3weeks and continued at home. Efficacy parameters were evaluated at baseline, after 3 and 15weeks. Medical treatment remained unchanged. Worsening events and survival rate were assessed in a follow-up period of 21±14months. RESULTS: Twenty consecutive CHD-APAH patients (16 female, 4 male, mean pulmonary arterial pressure 60±23mmHg) were included. Patients significantly improved the mean distance walked in 6min compared to baseline by 63±47m after 3weeks (p<0.001) and by 67±59m after 15weeks (p=0.001). Quality of life-score (p=0.05), peak oxygen consumption (p=0.002) and maximal workload (p=0.003) improved significantly by exercise training after 15weeks. The 1- and 2-year survival rates were 100%, the transplantation-free survival rate was 100% after 1year and 93% after 2years. CONCLUSION: Exercise training as add-on to medical therapy may be effective in patients with CHD-APAH and improved work capacity, quality of life and further prognostic relevant parameters. It was associated with an excellent long-term survival. Further randomized controlled studies are needed to confirm these results.
Authors:
Tabea Becker-Grünig; Hans Klose; Nicola Ehlken; Mona Lichtblau; Christian Nagel; Christine Fischer; Matthias Gorenflo; Henning Tiede; Dietmar Schranz; Alfred Hager; Harald Kaemmerer; Oliver Miera; Silvia Ulrich; Rudolf Speich; Sören Uiker; Ekkehard Grünig
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1874-1754     ISO Abbreviation:  Int. J. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-8     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8200291     Medline TA:  Int J Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Centre for Pulmonary Hypertension at Thoraxclinic Heidelberg, University of Heidelberg, Germany.
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