Document Detail

Efficacy of arm-ergometry versus treadmill exercise training to improve walking distance in patients with claudication.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19651669     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The efficacy of treadmill walking training to improve pain-free (PFWD) and maximal (MWD) walking distance in patients with claudication is well documented. The effects of aerobic arm-ergometry to improve PFWD and MWD compared to treadmill walking or usual care are not known. Forty-one participants (29 male, 12 female, mean age 67.7 years, 92.7% smoking history, 36.6% with diabetes) with lifestyle-limiting claudication were randomized to 12 weeks of 3 hours/week of supervised exercise training using either arm-ergometry, treadmill walking, or a combination, versus control. PFWD and MWD were assessed before and after training, and after 12 weeks of follow-up. The 12-week MWD increased significantly in the arm-ergometry (+53%), treadmill (+69%), and combination (+68%) groups (p < 0.002 versus control). The 24-week MWD was maintained in the arm-ergometry (p = 0.009) and treadmill (p = 0.019) groups, whereas the combination group declined (p = 0.751) versus control. The 12-week PFWD increased significantly in the arm-ergometry group (+82%; p = 0.025 versus control). Change in PFWD in treadmill (+54%; p = 0.196 versus control) and combination (+60%; p = 0.107 versus control) groups did not reach statistical significance. PFWD improvement was maintained in the arm-ergometry group after a 12-week follow-up (+123%; p = 0.011 versus control). In conclusion, these pilot data demonstrate for the first time that dynamic arm exercise training can improve walking capability in people with peripheral arterial disease (PAD)-induced claudication compared to participants receiving usual care and that improvement was not different from that seen with treadmill walking exercise training. Dynamic arm exercise may be a therapeutic exercise option for patients with PAD.
Diane Treat-Jacobson; Ulf G Bronas; Arthur S Leon
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Vascular medicine (London, England)     Volume:  14     ISSN:  1358-863X     ISO Abbreviation:  Vasc Med     Publication Date:  2009 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-08-04     Completed Date:  2009-10-08     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9610930     Medline TA:  Vasc Med     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  203-13     Citation Subset:  IM    
University of Minnesota School of Nursing, Center for Gerontological Nursing, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Exercise Therapy*
Exercise Tolerance*
Intermittent Claudication / etiology,  physiopathology,  therapy*
Lower Extremity
Middle Aged
Muscle, Skeletal / physiopathology*
Oxygen Consumption
Pain Measurement
Patient Compliance
Peripheral Vascular Diseases / complications,  physiopathology,  therapy*
Pilot Projects
Recovery of Function
Time Factors
Treatment Outcome
Upper Extremity

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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