Document Detail


Efficacy of adenoviral gene transfer with manganese superoxide dismutase and endothelial nitric oxide synthase in reducing ischemia and reperfusion injury.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11423289     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: Both superoxide dismutase (SOD), a free radical scavenger, and nitric oxide (NO), a vasodilator with anti-inflammatory properties, have been shown to protect the myocardium from reperfusion injury. They are known to interact in vivo, the influence of which on myocardial protection has not been studied. METHODS: Four groups of rats (n=7, per group) were subjected to experimental infarction following injections into the anterior wall of the left ventricle with adenoviral vector encoding beta-galactosidase (group A), eNOS (group B), Mn-SOD (group C) and both eNOS and MnSOD (group D). Hearts were assessed for protein expression and size of infarction. RESULTS: Efficiency of gene up regulation was confirmed by immunostaining for eNOS and Mn-SOD, and X-gal staining for beta-gal respectively. In B and D, overexpression of eNOS was demonstrated in cardiac myocytes in addition to that in the endothelium, while in C and D, Mn-SOD was overexpressed in mainly cardiomyocytes. Infarct size was 49.7+/-4.8% in A, and was significantly reduced in the other groups (29.8+/-2.7%, 21.8+/-2.5% and 24.9+/-2.4% in B, C and D respectively). CONCLUSION: Adenoviral gene transfer of Mn-SOD was superior to eNOS in reducing the extent of in vivo ischemia-reperfusion injury in the rat heart in our model. The effect of combined application of Mn-SOD and eNOS was not different from their individual effect.
Authors:
H J Abunasra; R T Smolenski; K Morrison; J Yap; M N Sheppard; T O'Brien; K Suzuki; J Jayakumar; M H Yacoub
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery : official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery     Volume:  20     ISSN:  1010-7940     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Cardiothorac Surg     Publication Date:  2001 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-06-25     Completed Date:  2001-10-04     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804069     Medline TA:  Eur J Cardiothorac Surg     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  153-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Heart Science Centre, Imperial College School of Medicine at Harefield Hospital, Harefield, Middlesex UB9 6JH, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adenoviridae
Animals
Gene Transfer Techniques
Male
Myocardial Reperfusion Injury / prevention & control*
Nitric Oxide Synthase / administration & dosage,  genetics*
Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III
Rats
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Superoxide Dismutase / administration & dosage,  genetics*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
EC 1.14.13.39/Nitric Oxide Synthase; EC 1.14.13.39/Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III; EC 1.14.13.39/Nos3 protein, rat; EC 1.15.1.1/Superoxide Dismutase

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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