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MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23167844     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) with intraventricular septum thickness (IVST) between 1.2 and 1.5 cm in athletes represents a "gray zone" between physiologic adaptation and mild hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Various echo and laboratory parameters have been reported till now in the literature to discriminate the "gray zone" entities. Aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of these "classic" parameters in differentiating physiologic LVH in athletes from mild HCM in a highly selected population. Nine highly trained athletes with IVST (1.28 ± 0.07 cm), 9 patients with mild HCM (1.38 ± 0.11 cm), and 26 athletes without LVH (1.06 ± 0.09 cm; P < 0.0005) underwent echocardiographic study, cardiopulmonary treadmill exercise stress test, and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) measurement before and after exercise. Among all parameters tested, 7 were found to significantly differ between "gray zone" groups. After bootstrapping analysis, it was found that athletes with left ventricular end-diastolic diameter <4.74 cm, mitral deceleration time >200 ms, isovolumic relaxation time >94 ms, tricuspid E/A < 1.63, septum Em < 9.5 cm/sec, relative wall thickness >0.445, and a BNP value at rest >9.84 pg/mL had a greater possibility for having underlying cardiomyopathy. A 10-point score based on these parameters showed accuracy (area under the curve = 0.958 [95%CI: 0.738-1.0; P = 0.00005, standard error = 0.0342]) for revealing HCM in a gray zone athletic population. Differentiation of adaptive LVH versus HCM in a gray zone population could be facilitated by recognition of certain features referring to LV dimensions, diastolic function, and BNP.
Efstathios D Pagourelias; Georgios K Efthimiadis; Evangelia Kouidi; Paraskevi Zorou; Georgios Giannoglou; Asterios Deligiannis; Vasilis G Athyros; Asterios Karagiannis; Paraschos Geleris
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  Echocardiography (Mount Kisco, N.Y.)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1540-8175     ISO Abbreviation:  Echocardiography     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8511187     Medline TA:  Echocardiography     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Third Cardiology Department, Hippokration Hospital, Medical School, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece; First Cardiology Department, AHEPA Hospital, Medical School, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece.
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