Document Detail


Efficacy of the ProSeal laryngeal mask airway during manual in-line stabilisation of the neck.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12190759     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The laryngeal mask airway has a potential role during cardiopulmonary resuscitation, but its placement becomes more difficult during manual in-line stabilisation of the neck, and the device cannot reliably prevent pulmonary aspiration. The ProSeal laryngeal mask airway has a theoretical advantage of reducing aspiration because of its drainage tube, but its ease of placement during stabilisation of the neck is unknown. We studied 20 patients to compare ease of placement and the sealing effect between the standard and ProSeal laryngeal mask airways. In a randomised cross-over fashion, after induction of anaesthesia and neuromuscular blockade, the standard and ProSeal laryngeal mask airways were placed in turn. Placement was significantly easier for the ProSeal laryngeal mask airway (successful at the first attempt in 16 patients and at the second attempt in the remaining four patients) than for the laryngeal mask airway (successful at the first attempt in 12 of 20 patients and at the second attempt in three patients, and failed (> two attempts) in the remaining five patients; p = 0.04). The airway pressure at which gas leaked around the device was greater for the ProSeal than the laryngeal mask airway (mean difference 5.8 cmH2O; 95% CI 2.9-8.7 cmH2O; p = 0.0008).
Authors:
T Asai; K Murao; K Shingu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Anaesthesia     Volume:  57     ISSN:  0003-2409     ISO Abbreviation:  Anaesthesia     Publication Date:  2002 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-08-22     Completed Date:  2002-10-04     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370524     Medline TA:  Anaesthesia     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  918-20     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Anaesthesiology, Kansai Medical University, 10-15 Fumizono-cho, Moriguchi City, Osaka, 570-8507, Japan. asait@takii.kmu.ac.jp
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Air Pressure
Cross-Over Studies
Equipment Design
Female
Humans
Immobilization*
Laryngeal Masks*
Male
Middle Aged
Neck
Neck Injuries / therapy*
Neuromuscular Blockade
Pneumonia, Aspiration / prevention & control

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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